Date Mussel

Date Mussel

 

(Lithophaga lithophaga), a mollusk of the class Bivalvia. The elongated (up to 10 cm), cylindrical shell is rounded at both ends and covered with a thick, brown, horny layer—the periostracum. Along the rim of the mantle are glands that secrete an acidic secretion, by means of which the mussel bores passages in limestone rocks, where it lives. The date mussel inhabits the Mediterranean and Red seas and is found along the western coast of Africa. It is particularly numerous in coral reefs (up to 1,000 individuals per sq m). The mussel is used as food.

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In addition, reports exist for bivalves characterized as endangered species, such as the fan mussel Pinna nobilis Linnaeus 1758 (Katsanevakis 2005, Galinou-Mitsoudi 2006b, Katsanevakis 2006, Katsanevakis 2007), and the European date mussel Lithophaga lithophaga Linnaeus 1758 (Galinou-Mitsoudi & Sinis 1994, Galinou-Mitsoudi & Sinis 1997a, Galinou-Mitsoudi & Sinis 1997b).
Reproductive cycle and fecundity of the date mussel Lithophaga lithophaga (Bivalvia: Mytilidae).
Ontogenesis and settlement of the date mussel Lithophaga lithophaga (L.