Datura


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Related to Datura: Datura stramonium, Brugmansia

Datura

 

a genus of plants of the family Solanaceae. The plants are grasses, more rarely bushes and trees. The blossoms are large and pentagonal; the corolla is a hornlike funnel. There are more than ten species, primarily in the tropics and subtropics.

Common Datura (D. stramonium), or thorn apple, is found in the USSR. It is an annual plant growing to 1.2 m, with scaly, indented, lobed leaves. The blossoms are single and white. The fruit is a pod, covered with sharp spikes. It grows as a weed along the edges of pastures, in refuse areas, and the like. It is also found along the banks of rivers and streams in the southern half of the European part of the USSR, in the Caucasus, Western Siberia and Middle Asia. It is cultivated for medicinal purposes in Krasnoiarsk Krai, southern Ukraine. All parts of the plant contain poisonous alkaloids (hyoscyamine, scopolamine, and atropine). The dried leaves are used in compounding asthmatine and asthmatol, preparations for treating bronchial asthma.

Harmless, or Indian, Datura (D. innoxia) is cultivated in the southern regions of the USSR. It is originally from Central and South America. D. metel, from southern Asia, is also cultivated; its unripened fruits contain scopolamine. Certain annual varieties (D. fastuosa, D. humilis) are raised in gardens, while perennials (D. arborea, D. sanguinea) are grown in outdoor gardens and in rooms as decoratives.

REFERENCE

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.

T. V. EGOROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Miscellaneous##--includes Mercury (n=2), Datura fruits (n=4), lens cleaner (n=3), Dettoi liquid (n=1), Lizard in food (n=2), total-12.
In our study we have used Datura stramonium in co-culture with tomato, as this species has many applications in many fields such as ornamentation, environment (water and soil pollution control) and especially in the fight Biological control of pests such as mites and whiteflies [5].
Effects of Different Levels of Nitrogen on some Characters of Datura Collected from Samsun Environs.
Cleistanthus collinus is the commonest plant followed by oleander, strychnine, kalli paal (a poisonous cactus), datura, papaya, and chrysanthemum in that order.
Review on Datura metel: A Potential Medicinal Plant.
Datura has played a major role in religious rites and medicine (Richard, 2002).
Table 1: Comparative study of phytochemicals of gemmomodified extracts and leaves of Nerium oleander and Datura stramonium
Salen, P, Shih R, Sierzenski P, Reed J Effect of Physostigmine and Gastric Lavage in a Datura Stramonium-induced anticholinergic poisoning epidemic.
2000), alta concentracion de alcaloides (acido cafeinico, ciorogenico, para-cumarico y feruiico), ademas de esteroies (campesterol, datura lactona y estigmasterolilla) y triterpenos en cantidades de 0.
Nearly 40 begomovirus were screened earlier such as Croton yellow vein mosaic virus (HQ631429), Croton yellow vein mosaic Hisar virus (JN000701), Datura leaf curl virus (JN000702), Vinca yellow vein virus (JQ693139), Cotton leaf curl virus (JQ693143) etc [7].
Datura is on Pennsylvania's Noxious Weed list, which means that it is against the law to sell, transport or plant it, and in New Jersey, it is also illegal to use, possess or sell the plant.