David Alfaro Siqueiros


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Related to David Alfaro Siqueiros: Diego Rivera, Frida Kahlo

Siqueiros, David Alfaro

 

(full name, José David Alfaro Siqueiros). Born Dec. 29, 1898, in Chihuahua; died Jan. 6, 1974, in Cuernavaca. Mexican painter, graphic artist, and public figure. One of the founders of the Mexican school of mural painting.

Siqueiros studied in Mexico City at the Academy of Fine Arts (1911) and at the Open Air School of Santa Anita (1913). Beginning in 1911 he was active in the revolutionary movement, and from 1914 to 1918 he was an officer in V. Carranza’s army. Siqueiros worked in France and Spain from 1919 to 1922; in 1921 he published a manifesto of revolutionary art in Barcelona. In 1922, after his return to Mexico, he founded the Syndicate of Technical Workers, Artists, and Sculptors, serving as the organization’s general secretary from 1923 to 1925. From 1924, Siqueiros was a leader of the Communist Party of Mexico and editor in chief of the newspaper El Mundo. During the 1920’s he was active in the trade union movement; he was made the general secretary of the Mexican Unitary Trade Union Confederation in 1929. In 1930 he was arrested, and in 1931 he was exiled to Taxco.

Between 1932 and 1936, Siqueiros worked in the USA; he founded an experimental workshop in New York in 1936. He served as an officer of the Republican Army in Spain from 1937 to 1939. His activities in Argentina (1933), Chile (1941-42), and Cuba (1943) greatly influenced the development of mural art in Latin America. Siqueiros visited Moscow in 1927, 1955, 1958, and 1972. In 1960 he was imprisoned in Mexico for his political activity, but in 1964 he was released as a result of international pressure. In 1967, Siqueiros was made an honorary member of the Academy of Arts of the USSR; in 1966 he received the International Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Nations.

A fighter for revolutionary art imbued with communist ideological content, Siqueiros created images marked by heightened expressiveness and great plastic force. He was a firm believer in the active influence of works of art on the masses. His monumental compositions combine representations of actual persons with symbolic embodiments of social-historical forces; they are marked by the use of dynamically shortened perspective, the bold combination of painting and sculptural forms, and the introduction of new artistic materials (synthetic paints, ceramic relief mosaic). In the 1950’s and 1960’s, Siqueiros’ treatment of historical events and personages took on a heightened expressiveness, and the political content of his work was intensified.

Siqueiros’ principal works in Mexico City include the murals in the National Preparatory School (fresco, 1922-23), the Electrical Workers Union building (1939), the Palace of Fine Arts (1945 and 1950–51), and the National History Museum (begun 1959), the mosaic and relief on the facade of the chancellor’s building at the University of Mexico (1952–54), and the monumental-decorative structure Poliforum, which combines architecture, painting, and sculpture (1971). Works by Siqueiros in the Museum of Modern Art include the easel paintings Proletarian Mother (1929–30) and Portrait of G. Gershwin (1936). The artist also did numerous lithographs and drawings.

WORKS

Como se pinta un mural. Mexico City, 1951.
L’art et la revolution. Paris, 1973.

REFERENCES

Zhadova, L. Monumental’naia zhivopis’ Meksiki. Moscow, 1965.
Polevoi V. Iskusstvo stran Latinskoi Ameriki. Moscow, 1967.
David Sikeiros. [Leningrad, 1969.]
Tibol, R. DavidAlfaro Siqueiros. Mexico City [1969].

V. M. POLEVOI [23–1056–]

References in periodicals archive ?
Para esto tomare como caso de estudio las ultimas detenciones de David Alfaro Siqueiros y Jose Revueltas.
960094, David Alfaro Siqueiros Papers, Research Library, The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, Calif.
Tres fueron los artistas que lograron obtener mayor reconocimiento y proyeccion mundial: Diego Rivera, David Alfaro Siqueiros y Jose Clemente Orozco, cuyo trabajo alcanzo tales dimensiones y preponderancia que--al igual que el de Frida Kahlo en dias recientes--ha sido declarado patrimonio artistico nacional.
8) En 1922, Lombardo Toledano recluto a los muralistas que pintaban en la escuela, incluyendo a Diego Rivera, David Alfaro Siqueiros y Jose Clemente Orozco, para que se unieran a prominentes intelectuales como Pedro Henriquez Urena y Alfonso Caso en la formacion del Grupo Solidario del Movimiento Obrero.
Clearly, there is a new generation of artists in Chiapas who are continuing the legacy of Mexican mural painting revolutionized by Diego Rivera, Jose Clemente Orozeo, and David Alfaro Siqueiros.
Three famous painters of murals are Diego Rivera, David Alfaro Siqueiros and Jose Clemente Orozco, all from Mexico.
El grupo, dirigido por Ramon Siqueiros III, descendiente del famoso muralista mexicano David Alfaro Siqueiros, quiere una parte del lucrativo mercado norteamericano de los refrescos, que mueve US$52.
Villaraigosa and Councilmember Jose Huizar will join Getty leadership to announce a public-private partnership to finalize conservation efforts and provide public access to the mural America Tropical, which was originally painted in 1932 by David Alfaro Siqueiros.
Cuenta Jaimes que, por ejemplo, el maestro Carlos Chavez propuso al pintor David Alfaro Siqueiros para realizar el rostro de Alfonso Reyes, propuesta que fue aceptada.
Si bien el beneficio de utilizar el espacio publico como galeria lo obtuvo en 2010--exhibicion temporal Alas de la ciudad en la zona museistica del Paseo de la Reforma--, su invasion de la CDMX con obras permanentes se ha desarrollado durante el gobierno de Mancera: Angel de la seguridad social en el cruce de Paseo de la Reforma y Burdeos en 2013; Alas de Mexico en el cruce del Museo de Antropologia y Paseo de la Reforma en 2014; Perseidas y Archivaldo en el Aeropuerto de la Ciudad de Mexico en 2015; y Alas de paz que, desde el pasado mes de julio se exhibe en la Plaza Juarez, contrastando por su mediocridad con el esplendido relieve en mosaico que realizo David Alfaro Siqueiros en 1953 para la fabrica Automotriz Chrysler.
Organizada con la colaboracion del Museo del Palacio de Bellas Artes incluye obras de Diego Rivera, Jose Clemente Orozco, David Alfaro Siqueiros, Frida Kahlo, Rufino Tamayo, Dr.
Ese amor contradictorio que expresa bien Vicente Quirarte en el libro que se resena en esta edicion, al hablar de la labor de Jose Vasconcelos al frente de la Secretaria de Educacion Publica en los anos veinte del pasado siglo y su apoyo a los jovenes pintores muralistas de aquel entonces--Diego Rivera, Jose Clemente Orozco, David Alfaro Siqueiros, Fernando Leal, entre otros--, a quienes entrego valiosos muros de la capital mexicana para que contribuyeran a la mision de educar a las masas a traves del arte publico y construir asi una cultura mexicana moderna y un pais mas justo y soberano.