David Ben-Gurion

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Ben-Gurion, David

(bĕn-go͞o`rēŏn), 1886–1973, Israeli statesman, b. Plońsk, Poland, as David Grün. He settled in Palestine in 1906, but lived for periods of time in Istanbul, London, and New York. He was an active Zionist and during World War I helped to organize the Jewish Legion in support of the British. In the struggle to found an independent Jewish state in Palestine he followed a policy of cooperation with the British during World War II, but led the political struggle against them and authorized sabotage activities after the war. A founder and leader of the Labor (Mapai) party and an early leader of the Histadrut (the trade-union federation), he was the first (1948–53) prime minister of the newly created state of Israel. In 1955 he returned to the cabinet as defense minister under Moshe Sharett and later that year again became prime minister, reflecting a shift in Israeli policy toward confrontation with Israel's hostile Arab neighbors. Amid growing controversy he resigned in Feb., 1961, but was quickly returned to office. He again resigned in June, 1963. In retirement Ben-Gurion continued to be politically active, forming a splinter party from the dominant Labor party in 1965. A selection of his writings was published as Rebirth and Destiny of Israel (1954); he also wrote Israel: Years of Challenge (1965), Israel's Security (1960), The Jews in Their Land (1966), Memoirs (1970), Israel: A Personal History (1971), and My Talks with the Arabs (1973).

Bibliography

See biographies by M. Edelman (1964), M. Bar-Zohar (tr. 1967), O. Zmora, ed. (1967), R. St. John (rev. ed. 1971), and A. Shapira (2014).

Ben-Gurion, David

 

Born Oct. 16, 1886, in Plonsk, Poland. Israeli political figure.

Ben-Gurion graduated from the law faculty of the University of Istanbul. One of the leaders of the Zionist movement, he was prime minister and defense minister from 1948 to 1953 and from 1955 to 1963, with an interruption in 1961. He was an organizer and head of the right-socialist Zionist party Mapai. In 1965 he founded a new party, Rafi, from the most extremist elements of the Mapai Party. An adherent of the expansionist course in Israel’s policy, he is one of the instigators of aggressive ventures against Arab countries.

References in periodicals archive ?
Gadi Eizenkot's decision to make the document public affords a glimpse into Israel's official defense doctrine for the first time since the Jewish state's first prime minister, David BenGurion, approved the principles of the military's strategy in the 1950s and released that document publicly.
David BenGurion often traveled to Washington, and the city was abuzz with secret meetings and massive fundraising.
In symbolic move, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu chose to respond to Ahmadinejad from the hall in Tel Aviv where Israel's first Prime Minister, David BenGurion, declared the creation of Israel in 1948.
After the inception of the state of Israel in 1948, its first prime minister David BenGurion said: "If I were an Arab leader, I would never make termsw ith Israel.
My father's family came to Israel at the beginning of the 20th century in the second aliyah of the pioneer generation from Russia, which also sent David BenGurion to Israel.
What Porat did not mention (since she had no particular reason to mention it), but which is now revealed by the publication of the complete document for the first time, is that Epstein's report was addressed to David BenGurion.
Simon, an avid globe-hopper who believes legislators travel too little, not too much, crossed paths with virtually every major figure of his time and leaves out none of them: David BenGurion, Anwar Sadat, Menachem Begin, King Hussein, Benjamin Netanyahu, Yasser Arafat, Margaret Thatcher, Helmut Kohl, Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi, Chiang Kaishek, Nelson Mandela, the list goes on.
Modern Israel was founded in May 1948 by David Bengurion and Chaim Welizmann.