David Davis


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Davis, David,

1815–86, American jurist, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1862–77), b. Cecil co., Md., grad. Kenyon College, 1832; cousin of Henry Winter Davis. In 1836 he settled as a lawyer in Bloomington, Ill., his home thereafter. From 1848 to 1862 Davis presided over the eighth judicial circuit in Illinois, famous because Abraham Lincoln practiced in its courts. An intimate of Lincoln (the tall, spare Lincoln and the corpulent Davis often bunked together in traveling the circuit), he successfully managed his friend's campaign to secure the Republican nomination for the presidency at Chicago in 1860. Davis and Leonard Swett, another lawyer from the eighth circuit active in Lincoln's cause, gave several political assurances without Lincoln's knowledge (notably one to Simon Cameron of Pennsylvania), which Lincoln reluctantly honored. Lincoln appointed (1862) Davis to the U.S. Supreme Court. Not especially learned in the law, he nevertheless wrote one of the most important opinions in the history of the court in Ex parte Milligan (1866). The decision, denouncing arbitrary military power, became famous as one of the bulwarks of civil liberty in the United States. Davis, who did not allow his judicial position to interfere with his political ambitions, was nominated for President by the Labor Reform Convention at Columbus, Ohio, in 1872, but withdrew when he failed to win the nomination of the Liberal Republican partyLiberal Republican party,
in U.S. history, organization formed in 1872 by Republicans discontented at the political corruption and the policies of President Grant's first administration. Other disaffected elements were drawn into the party.
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 as well. In 1877 he resigned from the court to serve (1877–83) as U.S. Senator from Illinois.

Bibliography

See biography by W. L. King (1960).

Davis, David

(1815–86) Supreme Court justice; born in Cecil County, Md. A close friend to Abraham Lincoln, he served as a circuit court judge in Illinois (1848–62) until President Lincoln named him to the U.S. Supreme Court (1862–77). A presidential hopeful in 1872, he stepped down from the court to serve the U.S. Senate (Dem., Ill.; 1876–83).
References in periodicals archive ?
DAVID Davis has been widely ridiculed for promising Britain would not become a "Mad Max-style world" after Brexit.
MIDFIELDER David Davis remains an injury doubt for Blues ahead of the clash at Brentford.
David Davis caused alarm by saying at the weekend that a deal struck in Brussels last Friday to agree separation arrangements and open talks on UK-EU future relations was a"statement of intent"rather than"legally enforceable".
David Davis has met leading Polish politicians and been briefed by British military personnel on the UKs role in NATOs deployment on Polands Eastern border as part of a visit to the country today.
Passes - David Davis 512 Maxime Colin has actually made more passes than any other Blues player - but many of his 533 came in his five games for Brentford.
At a Cabinet meeting this week, Brexit Secretary David Davis said he has hired 3,000 civil servants to leave the EU and plans to engage 5,000 more.
DAVID Davis hits out today at EU negotiation boss Michel Barnier for saying Britain must remain under the jurisdiction of European courts.
I know David Davis and Boris seem to think that it will be a breeze to negotiate a settlement that doesn't bankrupt the UK, indeed Davis actually used these words when asked about the difficulties some months ago.
It came as the second round of EU withdrawal talks got under way in Brussels, with Brexit Secretary David Davis and European Commission chief negotiator Michel Barnier saying that officials will focus on the issues of citizens' rights, borders and the UK's financial settlement in discussions due to last four days.
BREXIT Secretary David Davis has said he is not certain the UK will secure an EU withdrawal deal.
Britain's Brexit minister David Davis and the European Union's chief negotiator Michel Barnier will start talks over Britain's departure from the EU on Monday, Britain's Department for Exiting the European Union and the European Commission said on Thursday in a joint statement.