David Davis


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Davis, David,

1815–86, American jurist, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1862–77), b. Cecil co., Md., grad. Kenyon College, 1832; cousin of Henry Winter Davis. In 1836 he settled as a lawyer in Bloomington, Ill., his home thereafter. From 1848 to 1862 Davis presided over the eighth judicial circuit in Illinois, famous because Abraham Lincoln practiced in its courts. An intimate of Lincoln (the tall, spare Lincoln and the corpulent Davis often bunked together in traveling the circuit), he successfully managed his friend's campaign to secure the Republican nomination for the presidency at Chicago in 1860. Davis and Leonard Swett, another lawyer from the eighth circuit active in Lincoln's cause, gave several political assurances without Lincoln's knowledge (notably one to Simon Cameron of Pennsylvania), which Lincoln reluctantly honored. Lincoln appointed (1862) Davis to the U.S. Supreme Court. Not especially learned in the law, he nevertheless wrote one of the most important opinions in the history of the court in Ex parte Milligan (1866). The decision, denouncing arbitrary military power, became famous as one of the bulwarks of civil liberty in the United States. Davis, who did not allow his judicial position to interfere with his political ambitions, was nominated for President by the Labor Reform Convention at Columbus, Ohio, in 1872, but withdrew when he failed to win the nomination of the Liberal Republican partyLiberal Republican party,
in U.S. history, organization formed in 1872 by Republicans discontented at the political corruption and the policies of President Grant's first administration. Other disaffected elements were drawn into the party.
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 as well. In 1877 he resigned from the court to serve (1877–83) as U.S. Senator from Illinois.

Bibliography

See biography by W. L. King (1960).

Davis, David

(1815–86) Supreme Court justice; born in Cecil County, Md. A close friend to Abraham Lincoln, he served as a circuit court judge in Illinois (1848–62) until President Lincoln named him to the U.S. Supreme Court (1862–77). A presidential hopeful in 1872, he stepped down from the court to serve the U.S. Senate (Dem., Ill.; 1876–83).
References in periodicals archive ?
David Davis - what has his return to the team added?
David Davis, a leading critic of the failure to publish the conclusions of Sir John Chilcot's probe six years after it was commissioned, said the cost to the public was ridiculous.
It looks like that has annoyed some players at the Midlands club, with David Cotterill (an unused sub for the game) and David Davis both tweeting after the 3-2 victory for Gary Rowett's side.
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Summary: David Davis has described John Terry's decision to end his international career as "a very sad day".
David Davis MP had criticised Lib Dems for urging European courts to dismiss the appeal of British Airways worker Nadia Eweida, 59.
Butcher's side threw away a 2-0 lead and may also be without defender Chris Hogg for the rest of the season due to a knee injury And to rub salt into the wound, on-loan Wolves midfielder David Davis was sent off.
INVERNESS manager Terry Butcher admits he wants to keep on-loan Wolves midfielder David Davis for the remainder of the season.
SENIOR Conservative David Davis will vote against the rise in university tuition fees, his office revealed last night.
DAVID CAMERON trounced David Davis to take over as Conservative Party leader and promised wide-ranging change to lead his party out of the political wilderness.
TORY leader David Cameron signalled yesterday that there would be no return for David Davis to the shadow cabinet following his by-election victory in Haltemprice and Howden, East Yorkshire, on Thursday night.
LEADING Tory MP David Davis looks set to be kept out in the cold.