David Ben-Gurion

(redirected from David Gruen)

Ben-Gurion, David

(bĕn-go͞o`rēŏn), 1886–1973, Israeli statesman, b. Plońsk, Poland, as David Grün. He settled in Palestine in 1906, but lived for periods of time in Istanbul, London, and New York. He was an active Zionist and during World War I helped to organize the Jewish Legion in support of the British. In the struggle to found an independent Jewish state in Palestine he followed a policy of cooperation with the British during World War II, but led the political struggle against them and authorized sabotage activities after the war. A founder and leader of the Labor (Mapai) party and an early leader of the Histadrut (the trade-union federation), he was the first (1948–53) prime minister of the newly created state of Israel. In 1955 he returned to the cabinet as defense minister under Moshe Sharett and later that year again became prime minister, reflecting a shift in Israeli policy toward confrontation with Israel's hostile Arab neighbors. Amid growing controversy he resigned in Feb., 1961, but was quickly returned to office. He again resigned in June, 1963. In retirement Ben-Gurion continued to be politically active, forming a splinter party from the dominant Labor party in 1965. A selection of his writings was published as Rebirth and Destiny of Israel (1954); he also wrote Israel: Years of Challenge (1965), Israel's Security (1960), The Jews in Their Land (1966), Memoirs (1970), Israel: A Personal History (1971), and My Talks with the Arabs (1973).


See biographies by M. Edelman (1964), M. Bar-Zohar (tr. 1967), O. Zmora, ed. (1967), R. St. John (rev. ed. 1971), and A. Shapira (2014).

Ben-Gurion, David


Born Oct. 16, 1886, in Plonsk, Poland. Israeli political figure.

Ben-Gurion graduated from the law faculty of the University of Istanbul. One of the leaders of the Zionist movement, he was prime minister and defense minister from 1948 to 1953 and from 1955 to 1963, with an interruption in 1961. He was an organizer and head of the right-socialist Zionist party Mapai. In 1965 he founded a new party, Rafi, from the most extremist elements of the Mapai Party. An adherent of the expansionist course in Israel’s policy, he is one of the instigators of aggressive ventures against Arab countries.

References in periodicals archive ?
What was the adopted name of David Gruen, first prime minister of Israel?
In 1900, a 14-year-old Jewish boy in Poland named David Gruen founded a Zionist youth group.
Earlier today, the Treasury's macroeconomics director David Gruen said he expects a "delayed" economic recovery in testimony to the a Senate committee but added the economy will grow at an annual pace of 4% in 2013-2017.
The minor changes are part of an effort to improve the relatively new program, said David Gruen, director of Student Financial Aid at the University of Wyoming.
El tradicional saludo que empleaban millones y millones de judios en la diaspora: "El ano proximo en Jerusalen" --recuerda lo que decian los refugiados espanoles en Mexico: "este ano cae Franco"--, un dia se volvio realidad; el 14 de mayo de 1948 cuando el sueno sionista puso un termino a su vida errante y David Ben Gurion (ne David Gruen en Plonsk, Polonia en 1886 y murio en Israel en 1973) declaro el nacimiento de Israel como una nacion moderna en medio de la emocion, la alegria y los esfuerzos del pueblo judio.
David Gruen at the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in Fairfield, Conn.