David Hockney


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Hockney, David,

1937–, English painter, studied Royal College of Art. Moving from a distorted, semiexpressionist form of pop artpop art,
movement that restored realism to avant-garde art; it first emerged in Great Britain at the end of the 1950s as a reaction against the seriousness of abstract expressionism.
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, Hockney developed a highly personal realistic style, producing images saturated with color that are witty, uniquely in the moment, and often openly homoerotic. In these early works his customary subjects included still lifes, portraits, and aspects of gay life. From his earliest days he has also experimented with technology as an art medium, using fax machines, photocopiers, and the like. Much of Hockney's work is informed by his long-time residence (1978–2005) in Southern California, for instance his many joyous paintings of swimmers in undulating, light-struck, turquoise-hued pools. His superb draftsmanship is evident in his drawings, paintings, illustrated books, and several series of prints, notably The Rake's Progress (1961–63). Hockney is also known for his photographs, his mosaiclike photomontages, and his imaginative stage sets for ballets and operas.

Later in his career Hockney became interested in the historical relationship between representational painters and optical devices. In Secret Knowledge: Rediscovering the Lost Techniques of the Old Masters (2001, rev. ed. 2006) and elsewhere he asserted that from about 1430 to 1860 many painters in the Western tradition used innovations in visual technology such as lenses, mirrors, the camera obscura, and the camera lucida to produce their strikingly realistic effects. He also maintained that after the invention (1839) of daguerreotype photography, artists began to search for and capture a new visual truth not found in photographs, and the beginnings of modernism were born. In 2005 Hockney returned to his native Yorkshire where he painted large colorful local landscapes, e.g., The Arrival of Spring in Woldgate, East Yorkshire in 2011, often creating one or more paintings a day, and sometimes creating mural-sized landscapes. He also continued experimenting with digital technology, e.g., producing printed computer portrait drawings and painting with smartphone and computer tablet software.

Bibliography

See his autobiographies (1976, 1993), ed. by N. Stangos; Hockney on Photography: Conversations with Paul Joyce (1988); biography by C. S. Sykes (Vol. I, 2012); G. Evans, ed., Hockney's Pictures: The Definitive Retrospective (2004); M. Livingstone, et al., David Hockney: A Bigger Picture (2012); studies by M. Livingstone (1981, enl. ed. 1996), P. Webb (1988), K. E. Silver (1994), P. Clothier (1995), P. Melia, ed. (1995); and P. Melia and U. Luckhardt (2006).

References in periodicals archive ?
The show is accompanied by a handsome book, also titled David Hockney Portraits (Yale University Press, $60), featuring an essay by Edmund White called "The Lineaments of Desire.
Marr, 56, added: "I was friendly with David Hockney for a few years, and if you ask him about specific painting problems he is incredibly generous.
David Hockney - A Bigger Picture Thames & Hudson (Thames & Hudson: pounds 60) f David Hockney drops his paint brush today, the sound is heard throughout the art world
Instant expert DAVID Hockney (born 1937) is one of the most successful living British artists and is in the news again with a show at the Royal Academy in London.
British painter David Hockney has criticized controversial fellow artist Damien Hirst for employing other people to help create his works of art, saying it was "insulting".
PAINTER David Hockney has criticised the likes of Damien Hirst, saying artists should create their own work.
ROYAL ACADEMY OF ARTS * JANUARY 21-APRIL 9 * CURATED BY MARCO LIVINGSTONE AND EDITH DEVANEY Barely out of the Royal College of Art some half a century ago, David Hockney quickly earned an uncontested place in the annals of Pop art with his angelic ingriste graphic gift.
Soon after getting his first iPhone in 2008, David Hockney began drawing the sunrise he saw each morning from his bed on the east coast of England.
A bigger message; conversations with David Hockney.
Born in Bradford, England, in 1937, David Hockney showed artistic talent at an early age; at 11 he decided to become an artist.
I asked Kate if she would be kind enough to model for a shot I wanted, inspired by a David Hockney portrait, and she agreed," the Daily Star quoted Daley, as saying.
The note, signed by artists including David Hockney, Lucian Freud, Damien Hirst and Tracey Emin, says the British Council is planning a radical shake-up of its activities that could include scrapping its long-established arts departments.