David Oistrakh

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Oistrakh, David Fedorovich


Born Sept. 17 (30), 1908, in Odessa; died Oct. 24, 1974, in Amsterdam; buried in Moscow. Soviet violinist. People’s Artist of the USSR (1953). Member of the CPSU from 1942.

The son of an office worker, Oistrakh graduated in 1926 from the Odessa Music and Drama Institute, where he studied under P. S. Stoliarskii. In 1934 he began teaching at the Moscow Conservatory, becoming a professor in 1939 and chairman of the violin subdepartment in 1950. He won first prize at the All-Union Competition of Performing Musicians in Leningrad in 1935 and at the Ysaye International Competition in Brussels in 1937. At the Wieniawski International Competition in Warsaw in 1935, he won second prize.

Oistrakh was one of the greatest violinists of modern times. His repertoire included all of the most important works of classical and Soviet violin music. The qualities of his artistic individuality—clarity of intent, exceptional expressiveness of style, total mastery of the instrument—were all revealed in equal measure whether he was interpreting large-scale works, lyrical pieces, or virtuoso violin music. Oistrakh was the first to perform violin concertos and sonatas dedicated to him by D. D. Shostakovich and S. S. Prokofiev, as well as concertos written for him by A. I. Khachaturian, N. Ia. Miaskovskii, and other composers. He performed in an ensemble with L. N. Oborin and S. N. Knu-shevitskii, and he published editions of a number of violin works. His students included V. A. Klimov, O. V. Krysa, I. D. Oistrakh, V. A. Pikaizen, O. M. Parkhomenko, R. Iu. Fain, and G. M. Kremer.

Oistrakh also appeared as a conductor and performed abroad. He was a corresponding member of the Academy of Arts in Berlin (German Democratic Republic, 1961), an honorary doctor of music at Cambridge University (1969), and an honorary member of the Italian National Academy of Saint Cecilia (1961) and other foreign academies of music, as well as music societies.

Oistrakh was awarded the State Prize of the USSR (1943), the Lenin Prize (1960), two Orders of Lenin, two other orders, and a number of medals. He is the author of articles, including “My Way,” which was published in the magazine Sovetskaia muzyka (Soviet Music; 1958, no. 9).


Iampol’skii, I. David Oistrakh. Moscow, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
Here instead we have David Oistrakh, Maria Callas, Nathan Milstein, and so forth.
His beautifully turned, controlled phrasing was matched by rich, dark tones full of significance from Sushanskaya, the sounds of her great teacher, David Oistrakh, seeming to live on here.
Several of the great violinists of the mid-twentieth century recorded it; among them were Isaac Stern, Arthur Grumiaux, Yehudi Menuhin, and David Oistrakh.
This is a work through which Sushanskaya has a direct link to the composer, as it was her teacher, the great David Oistrakh, who suggested to Prokofiev that he make this transcription of what was originally a Flute Sonata.
The world-renowned violinist Rimma Sushanskaya, last pupil of the legendary Russian virtuoso David Oistrakh and admired tutor at Birmingham Conservatoire, puts down her bow tonight and takes up the baton for her full debut as a concert conductor.
Founding force behind the festival, which is dedicated to the great Bach keyboard authority Rosalyn Tureck, is Stratford-based international violinist Rimma Sushanskaya, last pupil of the great David Oistrakh.
This is particularly evident in the wonderful Sinfonia Concertante for Violin and Viola, K364, where, though nominally directed by the great David Oistrakh from the viola (his son Igor is the sparkling violin soloist), the musicians are in fact directing themselves; the strings remain solid and comfortable, but the busy horns buzz with forwardmoving tension.
We have heard many recitals from violinist Rimma Sushanskaya, a teacher proud to pass on the skills imparted by her own mentor, the great David Oistrakh, but surely none so stunning as yesterday lunchtime's.
Much of Prokofiev's music was composed with specific performers in mind, and their recordings - especially those of violinist David Oistrakh and pianist Sviatoslav Richter - remind us of this tailoring to personality.
In his first ever concerto appearance with an orchestra, 21-year-old student violinist David Chadwick delivered an account of Shostakovich's gritty Second Concerto which staggered both in the maturity of its vision and the technical aplomb with which he encompassed the demands of a work written for the well-honed virtuosity of the long-experienced David Oistrakh.
Deploying the wonderful strength of tone singing from the Madrileno Stradivarius her husband bought her, and shaping her phrases with a positiveness acquired from her teacher David Oistrakh, Sushanskaya made this music's magic really tell.