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general name for the native population of the island of Kalimantan, including a number of tribes and nationalities; they number approximately 2 million (1967, estimate). Their languages belong to the Indonesian group of the Malayan-Polynesian language family. In addition to the traditional religion (a belief in various gods and spirits), Islam is also practiced.

There are significant differences in language and culture among the Dayak tribes and nationalities, some of the larger of which are the Ngadju, Klemantan, Ot-Danom. Bahau, Iban, Kayan. Kenyah, and Murut. At one time, the Dayaks inhabited the entire island; in the 13th century Malayan immigrants began to settle the island’s coastal region and gradually moved inland. The Dayaks have preserved remnants of their tribal kinship division. Their chief pursuits are rotating hoe farming (rice), hunting, fishing, gathering, and various handicrafts.


Narody lugo-Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow. 1966. (Bibliography.)
Kennedy, R. Islands and Peoples of the Indies. Washington. 1943.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hence, by using this pseudonym, Tjilik Riwut expressed his willingness to care for the Dayak people by means of his "divine powers.
Legal representatives of the Dayak people assert that "any other lawful method" should include use for customary purposes or hunting and gathering.
Part of the problem appears to be that in Sarawak, "Bidayuh" is used as an ethnic terra for Land Dayak people in general.
The Dayak people were playing an essential part in the defense of Sarawak by providing essential intelligence on armed Indonesian intrusions along the 1,000-kilometer border with Kalimantan and on the movements of Sarawak communist guerrillas.
As we communicated with the Dayak people, we were confronted with a different structure of speech and pattern of communication.
Today, this can still be seen among elderly Dayak people, with women having longer and men shorter distensions than on the Pejeng drum.
On behalf of the Dayak people from the Desa Sembilan Demung Sepuluh, the RHA rejected the authority of the Adat Council set up by the Suharto regime (Bamba 2000: 41).
Local beliefs have it that, when the Koling Staff wears away in the middle, the Dayak people will face great difficulties, such as warfare, epidemics, extended drought, natural disasters, or famine.
7) The influence of the Embaloh and other Dayak people on the upper Kapuas Malay kingdoms comes out most strongly in the latter's royal genealogies, with many of the founding ancestors of these kingdoms being Embaloh or some other Dayak, and with the Malay nobles regularly marrying high-ranking Embaloh, Palin, or Taman women (see Enthoven 1903).
The information also largely applies to several culturally and linguistically related Dayak peoples in the eastern parts of the province of Central Kalimantan, from where the Benuaq themselves as well as their religious traditions are said to have originated.
But the reader still does not know by the end of the book how heterogeneous or not the Dayak peoples are, what sort of position they occupy among the peoples of South-East Asia.
Since 1924, three generations of the Baier family have lived and worked among Dayak peoples in Kalimantan.