Also found in: Medical.
The ratio of interior illuminance at a given point on a given plane, usually the workplane, to the exterior illuminance under known overcast sky conditions. This is one of the key values when analyzing the quantitative aspects of daylighting. Since the outside illuminance varies a lot with weather conditions (8,000–25,000 lux), the interior illuminance alone does not provide much useful information. The acceptability of the amount of daylight reaching an interior space for a specific task can only be determined in relation to the situation outside. There is little use in computing the relation of outside and inside illuminances under sunny sky conditions.
The ratio of the illumination at a point on a given plane to the illumination on a horizontal plane from the whole of an unobstructed sky of assumed or known luminance distribution; a measure of the daylight illumination at that point.