Manuel de Falla

(redirected from De Falla)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Falla, Manuel de

(mänwĕl` dā fä`lyä), 1876–1946, Spanish composer; pupil of Felipe Pedrell. In Paris from 1907 to 1914, he met DebussyDebussy, Claude Achille
, 1862–1918, French composer, exponent of musical impressionism. He studied for 11 years at the Paris Conservatory, receiving its Grand Prix de Rome in 1884 for his cantata L'Enfant Prodigue.
..... Click the link for more information.
, DukasDukas, Paul
, 1865–1935, French composer and critic. He was influenced by both the romanticism of Wagner and the impressionism of Debussy. His compositions are few, the best known being a symphonic poem, The Sorcerer's Apprentice (1897), and an opera,
..... Click the link for more information.
, and RavelRavel, Maurice
, 1875–1937, French composer, b. in the Pyrenees. He entered the Paris Conservatory in 1889, where he was later a student of Fauré. Ravel became a leading exponent of impressionism.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and was to some extent influenced by their impressionism. His music, however, remained distinctively Spanish, rooted both in Andalusian folk music and the classical tradition of Spain. Falla was an authority on flamencoflamenco,
Spanish music and dance typical of the Romani (Gypsy), or gitano. Flamenco dancing is characterized by colorful costumes, intense and erotic movements, stamping of the feet (zapateado), and clapping of the hands (palmada
..... Click the link for more information.
 music and made use of it in his compositions, keeping the vitality of flamenco but imposing upon it rigorous musical structure. Notable among his compositions are an opera, La vida breve [life is short] (1913); a suite for piano and orchestra, Noches en los jardines de España [nights in the gardens of Spain] (1916); and the celebrated ballets El Amor Brujo [wedded by witchcraft] (1915) and El sombrero de tres picos [the three-cornered hat] (1917). From 1921 to 1939 Falla lived in Granada, organizing festivals of native folk songs and touring Europe to conduct his own works. He moved to Argentina in 1939, where he directed the first performance of his guitar solo, Homenaje (1920); later orchestrated as Homenajes. His ambitious choral work La Atlántida occupied his later years; it was finished after his death by Ernesto Halffter and presented in Madrid in 1961.


See G. Chase, The Music of Spain (1960) and S. Demarquez, Manuel de Falla (tr. 1968).

Falla, Manuel de


Born Nov. 23, 1876, in Cádiz; died Nov. 14, 1946, in Alta Gracia, Argentina. Spanish composer and pianist.

Falla studied piano with J. Tragó and composition with F. Pedrell. He first gained recognition with the opera La vida breve (Life Is Short), composed in 1905 and first performed in Nice in 1913, and several subsequent works based on Andalusian folklore. He also gave piano recitals. From 1907 to 1914, Falla lived in Paris, where he met Debussy, Dukas, and Ravel. The music of the French composers influenced Falla’s symphonic impressions for piano and orchestra Noches en los jardines de España (Nights in the Gardens of Spain, 1915). Other major works by Falla include the ballets El amor brujo (Wedded by Witchcraft; Madrid, 1915) and El sombrero de tres picos (The Three-cornered Hat; London, 1919) and the opera El retablo de Maese Pedro (Master Peter’s Puppet Show, 1923; based on Cervantes’ Don Quixote), which combines elements of the opera, ballet-pantomime, and puppet show of Castilian folklore.

Notable among Falla’s other compositions are Fantasía bélica for solo piano (1919), a concerto for harpsichord and chamber orchestra (1924), Siete canciones populares españolas (1914), Quatre Pièces espagnoles for piano (1909), and a composition for solo guitar (1920), dedicated to the memory of Debussy. Many of Falla’s works are known from adaptations for violin and piano by F. Kreisler and P. Kochański and for cello and piano by M. Maréchal.

Falla’s music combines elements of the Spanish national tradition with those of Western European music of the early 20th century. It is marked by clarity and perfection of form, a wealth of rhythmic effects, and lush orchestral color. Intensely expressive, it nevertheless demonstrates a discipline of emotion.

In late 1939, Falla emigrated from Franco’s Spain to Argentina, where he occasionally appeared as a conductor.


In Russian translation:
Stat’i o muzyke i muzykantakh. Moscow, 1971.


Krein, Iu. Manuel’ de Fal’ia. Moscow, 1960.
Ossovskii, A. “Ocherk istorii ispanskoi muzykal’noi kul’tury.” In his book Izbr. stat’i, vospominaniia. Leningrad, 1961. Pages 227–88.
Bronfin, E. “Manuel’ de Fal’ia kak muzykal’nyi pisatel’.” In M. de Falla, Stat’i o muzyke i muzykantakh. Moscow, 1971. (Translated from Spanish.)
Cúelar, J. M. de Falla. Madrid, 1968.


References in periodicals archive ?
De Falla had a successful cooperation with Diaghilev which resulted in the writing of the ballet music.
La regulacion establece el concepto de Maquina de Falla que permite determinar el precio de la energia cuando la demanda supera la oferta maxima, en el caso extremo el valor de la energia asignado a la ultima maquina de falla es el Costo de la Energia No Suministrada o Costo de Falla.
The ensemble also performs passionate interpretations of traditional songs by Spanish composers (Turina, De Falla, Nin, Montsalvatge, Granados, Albeniz) and South American composers (Villa Lobos, Ginastera, Piazzolla).
Bookending renditions of Ravel's ``Mother Goose Suite'' and ``Bolero'' Thursday will be a Phil premiere: ``Master Peter's Puppet Show,'' the rarely performed, 27-minute composition by Spanish composer Manuel de Falla.
Of course, your repertoire of 20th-century music is hardly confined to the works of Martinu and de Falla.
Mexican pianist Jorge Federico Osorio, noted for his performances with many of the world's leading symphonies as well as directing his country's Brahms Music Festival, turns to touchstone works by Spanish composers for this solo recital The exquisitely crafted program explores the artistry of Manuel de Falla, Isaac Albeniz, Padre Antonio Soler, and Eurique Granados.
102 Fundamentales de Manufactura de SMT -- Analisis de Falla IPC-S-816 10 a.
The Phi Theta Kappa International Honors Society has awarded history and literature professor Joanne de Falla of Florida's Miami-Dade Community College its coveted Parnell Scholarship to attend the 2003 Phi Theta Kappa International Convention in Anaheim, Calif.
He also included Nights in the Gardens of Spain by Manuel de Falla, Beethoven's String Quartet No.
Canadian pianist Angela Hewitt, another international star of this year's program, is set for a Friday night recital at the SE-reyya Opera House in KadykE[micro]y, where she will perform a repertoire titled "Spanish Landscapes," made up of sonatas and suites by Scarlatti, Granados, Albeniz and de Falla.
This free performance will include works by Spanish composer Manuel De Falla, English composer Benjamin Britten, Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis, Swiss composer Frank Martin and Venezuelan musician Antonio Lauro.
Joaquin Nin-Culmell, the composer and former student of Manuel de Falla, once rather generously described Collet to me as "an odd bird.