Remy de Gourmont

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Gourmont, Remy de

 

Born Apr. 4, 1858, at Bazoches-en-Houlme, Orne Department; died Sept. 17, 1915, in Paris. French writer. Descendant of an aristocratic family.

Gourmont published his collection of verse Eruption of the Volcano in 1882. His critical studies of contemporary writers are collected in The Book of Masks (1896–98; Russian translation, 1913). In the preface Gourmont expounded his ideas on symbolism: its basic principles were extreme subjectivism and scorn for any representation of social phenomena in literature. In such works as The Culture of Ideas (1900) and The Problem of Style (1902) he took up questions of aesthetics, style, and language from the point of view of “art for art’s sake.” His book Windstorm (published in 1916) condemned the imperialist war of 1914–18.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Tsveta. Moscow [1910].
Devich’e serdtse. St. Petersburg [1910].
[“Stikhi.”] in Ten’ derev’ev: Stikhi zarubezhnykh poetov ν per I. Erenburga Moscow, 1969.

REFERENCES

Lunacharsky, A. V. “R. de Gurmon.” Sobr. soch., vol. 5. Moscow, 1965.
Clouard, H. Histoire de la littérature française, du symbolisme à nos jours (de 1885 à 1914), vol. 1. Paris [1952].
Gourmont, J. de, and R. Delle Donne. Bibliographie des oeuvres de R. de Gourmont Paris [1922].

T. G. KHATISOVA

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Remy de Gourmont, in an article written in 1894, "Sur la hierarchie intellectuelle"" ("On Intellectual Hierarchy"), insists on the absolute distinction that exists between the creative elite and the crowd.
We hear nothing of Eliot's predecessors or contemporaries in criticism, of Symons, Babbitt, Santayana, de Gourmont, Pound, Middleton Murry; nothing in detail of The Criterion and its relations with other journals; nothing of Richards, Leavis, or Eliot's Bloomsbury affiliations.
The Frenchmen mentioned are Felix Feneron, Remy de Gourmont, Octave Mirbeau, Stuart Merrill, Adolphe Rette and Marcel Schwob; but there was a considerable degree of variation in the relations of these men with anarchism, with Wilde and even with Symbolism.
But his range of reference from Homer and Heraclitus to D'Annunzio and Remy de Gourmont, and his ability, at his recurrent best, to encapsulate an ambitious metaphysic in crystalline forms, always awed Seferis and clearly lies behind his last book.
40) Although we have few details about the courses available at the College royal for the study of Greek, it is striking that the vogue for partial editions of Homer in Paris coincides with the institution of the chairs in Greek: Book 1 of the Odyssey as well as the Batrachomyomachia (The Battle between the Mice and Frogs) and the Homeric Hymns edited by Jean Cheradame in 1530 and published by Gilles de Gourmont, and books 1-3 and 4-6 of the Iliad and books 1-2 of the Odyssey, published by Chretien Wechel the same year.
27) Remy de Gourmont, "Le Joujou Patriotisme," Mercure de France, 2 (1891), p.
703), with the comment by Remy de Gourmont that Mallarme had touched it up for the new edition: "Le maitre, en nous la laissant reproduire, a voulu, toujours si soigneux artiste, revoir et retoucher son travail d'alors" ("The master, in permitting us to reproduce it, wanted, the always careful artist that he was, to review it and touch up his former work") (Oeuvres, p.
Both Bochner and Chefdor indicate the nature and extent of his extensive reading, but a few of the most influential figures--Remy de Gourmont particularly--have dropped out of sight for English readers.
4) This map, which follows that of Abraham Ortelius in its geographical features, is derived from one made by Jean de Gourmont c.
Rene de Gourmont suggested that the past must constantly be re-invented.
This is precisely what enabled Remy de Gourmont, who was a soldier in 1915, to wage war on certain rhetorical constructions which he felt belonged to another age, if not to another planet.
Without naming British sources, such as an educated Briton can be expected to command, and what with my interest in the humanities governing my choices, I list incompletely and at random Justice Hand, Anatole France, Aretino, Thomas Paine, Tertullian, Pompidou, Aijaz Ahmad, Tzvetan Todorov, Ovid, Seneca, Eliphas Levi, Robert Mapplethorpe, Star Trek, Adorno, Quentin Tarantino, the Panchatantra, Joseph Wood Krutch, Max Lerner, Gide, Ben Franklin, Aesop, Victor Hugo, Remy de Gourmont, Francis Steegmuller, Ambrose Bierce, La Rochefoucauld, Turgenev, Petrarch, Elbert Hubbard, Unamuno, Stanislaw Lec, Margaret Fuller, Wittgenstein, and on and on.