Simon de Montfort

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Montfort, Simon de

(mŏnt`fərt, Fr. môNfôr`), c.1160–1218, count of Montfort and earl of Leicester. A participant in the Fourth Crusade (1202–4), he did not join in the sack of Constantinople, but instead proceeded to Syria. He later led the crusade against the AlbigensesAlbigenses
[Lat.,=people of Albi, one of their centers], religious sect of S France in the Middle Ages. Beliefs and Practices

Officially known as heretics, they were actually Cathari, Provençal adherents of a doctrine similar to the Manichaean dualistic
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. Capable, ambitious, and fanatically religious, he commanded the Crusaders who remained in S France after the taking (1209) of Carcassone and, with papal approval, was elected viscount of Béziers and of Carcassone by the armies. In 1211 he attacked the remaining territories of Raymond VIRaymond VI,
1156–1222, count of Toulouse (c.1194–1222). His tolerant attitude toward the Albigenses resulted in his repeated excommunication, although he temporarily made peace with the church in 1209.
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 of Toulouse and overran all but Toulouse and Montauban. Pope Innocent III attempted to make him recognize Peter IIPeter II,
1174–1213, king of Aragón (1196–1213) and count of Barcelona, son and successor of Alfonso II. He had himself crowned (1204) at Rome by Pope Innocent III, whom he accepted as overlord of Aragón and Catalonia.
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 of Aragón as overlord, but in 1213 Simon defeated Peter and Raymond at Muret. He was proclaimed lord of Toulouse and Montauban by the Crusaders (1215), and his title was confirmed by the pope at the Lateran Council. Raymond recaptured (1217) some of his territories, and Simon renewed the warfare; he was killed while besieging Toulouse. Through his mother he claimed the English earldom of Leicester, to which his right was intermittently recognized by King John. His son was Simon de Montfort, the leader of the English barons.

Montfort, Simon de


Earl of Leicester. Born circa 1208 in Montfort, He de France; died Aug. 4, 1265, in Evesham. English political figure, one of the leaders of the baronial opposition to King Henry III.

De Montfort was among the authors of the Provisions of Oxford (1258), which sharply curtailed royal authority in favor of the barons. He contributed to the issuance of the Provisions of Westminster in 1259 and to the introduction of other measures that took into account the interests of the lesser knights and urban dwellers.

After civil war broke out in 1263, De Montfort and his supporters gained a victory over royal forces at Lewes on May 14, 1264. Becoming de facto dictator, or lord protector, of England, he summoned the first parliament in January 1265, thus laying the foundation for representation according to social estate in England. De Montfort’s forces were defeated by royal troops at Evesham, where he was killed in battle.


Gutnova, E. V. Vozniknovenie angliiskogo par/amenta. Moscow, 1960.
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Our investment in De Montfort is consistent with our long-term strategic goal to develop surety business in the European marketplace," said Mark C.
Dr Peter Norrie is a Principal Lecturer in nursing and senior research fellow at De Montfort University in Leicester and teaches research topics.
De Montfort University (DMU) wishes to procure a non-exclusive contract for a suitably qualified and experienced Marketing Consultancy Agencies to help deliver and support the University~s objectives for the purchase of on-line and off-line advertising requirements, both within the UK and overseas.
a full-scale UK tour for next year which will see them play Leicester's De Montfort Hall on March 16 and Birmingham's O2 Academy on March 18.
Guest speakers Bill Maxted of De Montfort, author of the report, and William Maunder Taylor, director of property finance consultancy Kingfisher Property Finance, shared their views on the survey, which found that the finance market for property companies is beginning to ease with new lending up from PS25.
A spokeswoman said: "They were doing some training for medical students at De Montfort University.
The colt earned Epsom quotes after being transferred to Mahmood Al Zarooni from Andre Fabre, but following the Zaroonitrained Rewilding's win in Goodwood's Cocked Hat Stakes on Wednesday, after which he became Godolphin's shortestpriced Derby entry at 10-1, a trip back across the Channel is favoured for Simon De Montfort.
I think for someone like myself who jumped out of school as quickly as I could at 16, you might say I feel slightly fraudulent with all the students at De Montfort working so hard for their degrees - but I suppose I have worked hard during my life
De Montfort had powerful Midland connections, which included owning Kenilworth Castle and getting himself killed in the Battle of Evesham.
Saint Louis de Montfort confirms that tradition, which has been upheld by the popes in different encyclicals through the centuries, until Paul VI, who, for the sake of exactitude, ceased to allude to it.
De Montfort and HGRM are currently pursuing several manufactures of photo-polymer emulsions to partner within the development of the technology.
FRESH from the success of his new album, Ryan Adams has announced a new year UK tour that will play Leicester's De Montfort Hall on February 21 and Wolverhampton's Civic Hall on February 28.