De Palma, Brian

De Palma, Brian,

1940–, American film director, b. Newark, N.J. Heavily influenced by Alfred HitchcockHitchcock, Sir Alfred,
1899–1980, English-American film director, writer, and producer, b. London. Hitchcock began his career as a director in 1925 and became prominent with The 39 Steps (1935) and The Lady Vanishes (1938).
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, he is especially known for bloody, shocking, and suspenseful thrillers. Sometimes accused of voyeurism and misogyny, De Palma has also been praised for his visual stylishness and technical virtuosity. His first feature, the comedy The Wedding Party (1963, released 1969), was followed by several other unprepossessing movies. He became a major Hollywood director with the release of Carrie (1976), adapted from a Stephen KingKing, Stephen,
1947–, American writer, b. Portland, Maine. Influenced by the 19th-century Gothic tradition, especially the works of Poe, King's fiction reveals the macabre and horrific potential of everyday situations and experiences.
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 novel, a film that is alternately sensitive, humorous, and horrifying. His other dark shockers include the Hitchcockesque Dressed to Kill (1980), Blowout (1981), and Body Double (1984); he also directed the gangster epics Scarface (1983) and The Untouchables (1987), a major box-office hit. Among his later films are Casualties of War (1989), Bonfire of the Vanities (1990), Mission: Impossible (1996), Snake Eyes (1998), and Mission to Mars (2000). De Palma also wrote and directed Raising Cain (1992), Femme Fatale (2002), and Redacted (2007), a violent, provocative, and confrontational film about the Iraq war.

Bibliography

See Brian De Palma: Interviews (2003), ed. by L. F. Knapp; studies by M. Bliss (1983), S. Dworkin (1984), L. Bouzereau (1988), K. MacKinnon (1990), and E. Peretz (2007).

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