Silvestre de Sacy

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Silvestre de Sacy:

see Sacy, Antoine Isaac, Baron Silvestre deSacy, Antoine Isaac, Baron Silvestre de
, 1758–1838, French Orientalist. Sacy's works on Arabic were pioneering, and he was one of the founders of modern Arabic studies in France.
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Sacy, Silvestre de

 

(Antoine-Isaac Silvestre de Sacy). Born Sept. 21, 1758, in Paris; died there Feb. 21, 1838. French Orientalist. Member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres (1792).

Silvestre de Sacy became a professor at the School of Oriental Languages in 1795 and at the Collège de France in 1806. In 1814 he was made a baron. He became director of the Collège de France in 1823 and director of the School of Oriental Languages in 1824.

During the restoration period, Silvestre de Sacy was a partisan of the Bourbons. In 1832 he became a peer of France. He was the founder (1821) and first president of the Société Asiatique, the publisher of the Journal Asiatique from 1822, and the publisher of the Journal des Savants from 1816. In 1833 he was named secretary of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres for life.

Among Silvestre de Sacy’s most important works are histories of the Arabs and the Sassanids, an Arabic grammar, and a chrestomathy of Arabic literature. Silvestre de Sacy composed brilliant annotated critical translations of works by Arabic and Persian scholars, including al-Damiri, Mirkhwand, al-Maqrizi, and Abd al-Latif, and investigated the sources of Kalila and Dimna and other works. He also attempted to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphics.

WORKS

Mémoire sur l’histoire des Arabes avant Mahomet. Paris, 1785.
Mémoires sur diverses antiquités de la Perse, et sur les médailles des rois de la dynastie des Sassanides. Paris, 1793.
Grammaire arabe, parts 1–2. Paris, 1810.
Chrestomathie arabe, 2nd ed., vols. 1–3. Paris, 1826–27.
Exposé de la religion des druses, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1838.

REFERENCES

Krachkovskii, I. Iu. Izbr. soch., vol. I. Moscow-Leningrad, 1955. Vol. 4: Moscow-Leningrad, 1957. (See indexes.)
Deherain, H. Silvestre de Sacy. Paris, 1938.
Fück, J. Die arabischen Studien in Europa. Leipzig, 1955.
References in periodicals archive ?
Almost two centuries ago, the French orientalist Silvestre de Sacy published his monumental Expose de la religion des Druzes (Paris, 1838).
It should be noted that the vast array of Ismaili sources consulted by De Smet was not available to de Sacy.
Also, Silvestre de Sacy stresses that there are Islamic elements in the composition of the Arabian Nights (Sadan 2004, 44).
First, he refers to Silvestre de Sacy to contend that "there are Islamic elements in the composition of the Arabian Nights".
In this regard the valuable literature contribution of Silvestre de Sacy who, as a great scholar became the resident Orientalist at the French Foreign Ministry in 1805 and a professor at the College de France in 1806 is worth mentioning.
675) qui prouve que ce sujet continuait de preoccuper les missionnaires jesuites: ce texte fut publie en 1814 par Silvestre de Sacy qui posseda le manuscrit avant Quatremere.
Said shows how through their learned literature about the East 19th-century writers such as Ernest Renan, Sylvestre De Sacy and Richard Burton played the role of "imperial scribe".
At any rate, it is Jones who, conforming both to Arabic and English orthography and pronunciation, consistently spells "Hafiz" or "Hafez" for hafiz (keeper, preserver, one who knows the Koran by heart),(12) and in his Dissertation makes a point of explaining the Persian sound of the letter z,(13) while Hammer has "Hafts,"(14) and we find "hafedh" in de Sacy.
15 Silvestre de Sacy, Chrestomathie arabe (Paris: Imprimerie royale, 1826), 1: 405, n.
The most important contribution to Druze studies was the series of articles by Baron Silvestre de Sacy, the most distinguished orientalist of his time, culminating in his major work, the Expose de la religion des Druzes (Paris, 1838, republished in 1964).
As far back as de Sacy, Hamza's (the founder of the Druze religious doctrine) debt to Isma ilism was recognized, but the paucity of reliable information about the Isma ilis and the availability of their texts made it very difficult to judge the extent of the debt.
In his Khitat account he cited, among others, de Sacy, Volney, the contributors to the Description de l'Egypte (especially Jomard), Champollion, Belzoni, Caviglia, Lepsius, Nestor l'Hote, Howard Vyse, Letronne, Mariette, and Piazzi Smyth.