Released under a free software license, DeCSS
was soon being downloaded from hundreds, possibly thousands, of websites.
The studios also face an ongoing legal problem in California, where the Court of Appeal recently ruled that DeCSS
is a form of speech and that banning it violates the First Amendment.
GARBUS: Do you know whether there are DeCSS
Nor is DeCSS
a prerequisite for making illegal copies.
Moore said he isn't exactly sure what his company's software does to duplicate DVDs, or if it contains the hotly debated DeCSS
Last week, the federal 2nd Circuit Court in Gotham banned a Web site from posting DeCSS
because it violates the Digital Millennium Copyright Act's ban on copyright-hacking technologies.
WASHINGTON The studios had a relatively easy time in last summer's DeCSS
trial in New York portraying the creators and defenders of the DVD hacking program as a bunch of geeky, adolescent troublemakers out to thumb their noses at the law.
District Judge Lewis Kaplan found no legitimate purpose for the DeCSS
program, which allows viewers to decode DVD movies and play them on computers.
Before the trial had even begun, both sides largely conceded the outcome: a win for the studios and a rejection of the defense's claim that posting the DVD hacking program DeCSS
on the Internet is protected by the First Amendment.
Lawsuit, filed by the studios under the 1998 Digital Millennium Copyright, targets a program known as DeCSS
(DeCode Content Scrambling System), which can strip off discs the encryption codes used by the studios to control access to DVDs.
The MPAA argues that the program, DeCSS
, violates the Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998 because it "circumvents" DVD's security measures.