Acheson, Dean

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Acheson, Dean (Gooderham)

(1893–1971) diplomat, lawyer; born in Middletown, Conn. He was educated at Groton School and Yale, and received his law degree from Harvard in 1918. He served in the navy during World War I, then as private secretary to Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis (1919–21). After serving briefly as undersecretary of the treasury under Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933), he returned to private practice before becoming assistant secretary of state (1941–43) and a council member of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) (1943). As undersecretary of state (1945–47), he helped formulate America's Cold War "containment" policy vis-a-vis the Soviet Union and was closely involved in the creation of the Marshall Plan and the Truman Doctrine. As secretary of state (1947–53) he was instrumental in the creation of NATO, the rebuilding and rearming of Germany, formulation of atomic policy, and the non-recognition of Communist China. He advised Presidents Kennedy and Johnson and recommended withdrawal from Vietnam. His memoirs, Present at the Creation (1969), received a Pulitzer Prize (1970).
References in periodicals archive ?
In responding to the Skybolt controversy, former Secretary of State Dean Acheson, who served as one of Kennedy's foreign-policy advisors, caused a stir when he challenged the strategic significance of Great Britain to the United States during a West Point address in 1962, arguing that "Great Britain has lost an empire and has not yet found a role.
In doing so, it really has stayed true to the spirit of the man whose legacy we celebrate tonight, Dean Acheson.
Secretary of State Dean Acheson stated openly that approval of NATO was "an essential measure for strengthening the United Nation" Only 13 Senators voted against putting the U.
Great Britain has lost an Empire and has not yet found a role,' said the US Secretary of State Dean Acheson in 1962.
Dean Acheson and the Creation of an American World Order
To comprehend Kennedy's predicament, the book highlights an exchange he had with former Secretary of State Dean Acheson who recommended the following course: we (the United States) strike Cuba; they (the Soviets) strike Berlin or Turkey; honoring our NATO commitments we (the United States) knock out a few bases inside the Soviet Union; and then hopefully cooler heads would prevail.
McMahon has written a compact and readable biography that critically assesses the life, career, and accomplishments of Dean Acheson, who can justifiably be called the principal architect of the non-Communist world order which the Administration of Harry Truman established in the wake of World War II.
According to the New York Daily News, the crowd in the Dean Acheson auditorium at the State Department cracked up as the former First Lady replied: "I don't know what portable showers look like.
Dean Acheson, acclaimed Secretary of State in the Truman Administration, said:
A very young Dean Acheson was appointed Under Secretary (then the Number Two job) of the Treasury in the Roosevelt Administration through the offices of Felix Frankfurter.
The following is an excerpt of the keynote address by former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, given at the Dean Acheson Auditorium, Washington, D.
He has written books about Henry Ford, Franklin Roosevelt, Dean Acheson, Rosa Parks, Gerald Ford, and Jimmy Carter; and edited the diaries of Jack Kerouac and Ronald Reagan, as well as the letters of Hunter S.