debt peonage

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debt peonage

a coercive form of labour whereby the labourer is tied to an employer or landholder through indebtedness. It was a common method of ensuring a labour supply in AGRARIAN SOCIETIES until the 20th-century, although in some areas of the THIRD WORLD the practice persists illegally. Various forms of indebtedness were found: landowners sometimes paid taxes for the peasantry, requiring their labour services until payment had been made; sometimes labourers became indebted through transportation costs, such as was the case with Chinese immigrants to the US in the 19th century, when they worked without pay until their transport costs had been deemed to be covered. At its most extreme individuals were never able to work off the initial or subsequent debt which may even have been passed on to descendants. In such cases debt slavery may be the more appropriate term. See PEASANTS, PEASANT SOCIETY, LATIFUNDIUM.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cleaning up the recruitment process for migrant workers so they get the jobs and wages they signed up for and stopping unlawful recruitment fees which force migrant workers into debt bondage is a global challenge.
Debt bondage, one of the most prevalent contemporary forms of slavery, is particularly extensive.
The questions covered multiple dimensions of modern slavery, including human trafficking, forced labor, debt bondage and forced marriage.
Nearly 21 million men, women and children are locked in forced labor - many coerced into working as prostitutes, trafficked, or held in debt bondage and working in slave-like conditions, according to the International Labor Organization (ILO).
This amounts to debt bondage, a condition where domestic helpers are afraid to change employers to avoid incurring more debt--a situation Amnesty International has condemned as human trafficking.
This includes debt bondage, forced marriage, trafficking into brothels and use of children in military.
This includes forced marriage, debt bondage, the sale and exploitation of children, and trafficking.
The index used the measurement of modern slavery, which includes debt bondage, forced marriage and human trafficking.
In a recent operation in Kent, investigators exploded an alleged trafficking ring in which more than 30 Lithuanian workers claimed they were kept in debt bondage, forced to work up to 17 hours a shift collecting free range eggs around the country and physically assaulted by their Lithuanian enforcers - a charge their gangmasters deny.
Northern Ireland) identifies what forms of exploitation qualify as slavery and describes other forms of servitude that are covered by international law, including debt bondage, forced labor, forced marriage, prostitution, and trafficking, while analyzing gaps in the current legal framework constituted by general international law, human rights law, humanitarian law, labor law, and the law of the sea.
Many migrant workers also lack knowledge of the local language and laws, which makes them especially vulnerable to abusive practices, such as physical and sexual violence, psychological abuse, non-payment of wages, debt bondage and abusive living and working conditions.
But rights groups say the verification system is corrupt and leads to situations of debt bondage amounting to forced labour.