decision making

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decision making

Making choices. The proper balance of human and machine decision making is an important part of a system's design.

Human Decision Making Is Complex
It is easy to think of automating tasks traditionally performed by people, but it is not that easy to analyze how decisions are made by an experienced, intuitive worker. If an improper analysis of human decision making is made, the wrong decision making may be placed into the machine, which can get buried in documentation that is rarely reviewed. This will become a critical issue as artificial intelligence applications proliferate. See AI.

Algorithmic or Heuristic
From a programming point of view, decision making is performed two ways: algorithmic, a precise set of rules and conditions that never change, or heuristic, a set of rules that may change over time (self-modify) as conditions occur. Heuristic techniques are employed in AI systems.

decision making

the processes by which individuals, or groups and organizations, decide actions or determine policies. Obviously, decision making covers a wide area, involving virtually the whole of human action. Sociologists, psychologists and political scientists, among others, have been interested in decision making in different ways, though there are overlapping interests. These perspectives include: formal analysis of the decision strategies of actors in competitive situations (as in THEORY OF GAMES, and in approaches derived from Economics, e.g. see EXCHANGE THEORY); analysis of decision-making behaviour in the dynamics of small groups (see GROUP DYNAMICS); studies of organizations (see ORGANIZATION THEORY); studies of access to political decision-making (see COMMUNITY POWER).
References in periodicals archive ?
If the decision-maker is exposed to only negative entity returns (e.
KM is important to RIM practitioners, as it involves capturing corporate memory; CI is important, too, as it involves identifying strategic information and making it available to decision-makers.
In another example, if decision-maker risk tolerance is negatively related to decision-maker momentum to change offerings, then decision-makers may change the membership of the dominant coalition to include more risk tolerant members.
Each stakeholder has legitimate ethical claims, and the decision-maker would do well to recognize such claims and to strive for a solution that upholds ethical principles and balances stakeholder interests.
Having been exposed to export stimuli and interpreted it, the decision-maker must make a choice as to the behaviour the firm should allow.
Guardianship is a legal mechanism whereby a substitute decision-maker, (a person, institution, or agency) is appointed by the Probate Court to serve and act in the best interest of a person who lacks the capacity to manage their person, estate, or both (Apolloni & Cooke, 1984).
Only 30 percent of the social workers, for example, were familiar with the requirement that all residents must be contacted to discuss advanced directives and proxy decision-makers.
Small business and local government IT decision-makers were most optimistic about anticipated IT investments, reporting double-digit increases in budget and IT solutions purchases in the next six months.
Forty-six percent of IT decision-makers say IT will be a top priority at their organizations next year, and 37 percent are considering large IT investments in the next six months
On a sub-measure, forty-three percent of IT decision-makers expect an increase in the overall IT budget in the second half of 2011, a five percentage point decrease year over year.
Examines the influence various decision-makers have on IT purchasing in all major Western European and North American markets

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