decision making

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decision making

Making choices. The proper balance of human and machine decision making is an important part of a system's design.

Human Decision Making Is Complex
It is easy to think of automating tasks traditionally performed by people, but it is not that easy to analyze how decisions are made by an experienced, intuitive worker. If an improper analysis of human decision making is made, the wrong decision making may be placed into the machine, which can get buried in documentation that is rarely reviewed. This will become a critical issue as artificial intelligence applications proliferate. See AI.

Algorithmic or Heuristic
From a programming point of view, decision making is performed two ways: algorithmic, a precise set of rules and conditions that never change, or heuristic, a set of rules that may change over time (self-modify) as conditions occur. Heuristic techniques are employed in AI systems.

decision making

the processes by which individuals, or groups and organizations, decide actions or determine policies. Obviously, decision making covers a wide area, involving virtually the whole of human action. Sociologists, psychologists and political scientists, among others, have been interested in decision making in different ways, though there are overlapping interests. These perspectives include: formal analysis of the decision strategies of actors in competitive situations (as in THEORY OF GAMES, and in approaches derived from Economics, e.g. see EXCHANGE THEORY); analysis of decision-making behaviour in the dynamics of small groups (see GROUP DYNAMICS); studies of organizations (see ORGANIZATION THEORY); studies of access to political decision-making (see COMMUNITY POWER).
References in periodicals archive ?
1 Thus different studies are conducted on the role of self-related factors in decision-making because self-awareness plays a vital role in decision-making.
Truglio-Londrigan (2013a) expanded upon shared decision-making competencies for nursing practice.
This has to do with employees taking part in decision-making process having an effect on their output (as Table 5).
Vigilance decision-making style: Vigilance involves a careful, unbiased, and thorough evaluation of alternatives and rational decision making.
Individuals select particular environments on the basis of congruence between the personal style and perceptions, so it was expected that differences in decision-making styles and control beliefs would be found among different groups.
Information load refers to a decrease in the effectiveness of decision-making.
It is anticipated that the inexperienced nurse will carry increasing responsibility for clinical decision-making about the care of increasingly complex patient situations.
Current research in decision-making has taken a departure from its purely rational roots (Dawes, 1988; Kahneman, Slovic & Tversky, 1982).
According to experts, career decision-making for gifted students is unique in some ways (Emmett & Minor, 1993; Kelly, 1996; Perrone, 1997).
The risk management team will identify and monitor trends, build and maintain the overall risk profile and, more critically, ensure risk is factored into all decision-making, collate and disseminate information and educate the organization.
Then, the counselor could offer supportive counseling to help the client Maintain herself in her current job while teaching the client decision-making skills so that she can Choose a personally fulfilling occupation.
Place-based decision-making holds promise for achieving environmental sustainability but, if inappropriately designed or applied, this strategic systems component can hinder rather than promote progress toward sustainability.

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