decision making

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decision making

Making choices. The proper balance of human and machine decision making is an important part of a system's design.

Human Decision Making Is Complex
It is easy to think of automating tasks traditionally performed by people, but it is not that easy to analyze how decisions are made by an experienced, intuitive worker. If an improper analysis of human decision making is made, the wrong decision making may be placed into the machine, which can get buried in documentation that is rarely reviewed. This will become a critical issue as artificial intelligence applications proliferate. See AI.

Algorithmic or Heuristic
From a programming point of view, decision making is performed two ways: algorithmic, a precise set of rules and conditions that never change, or heuristic, a set of rules that may change over time (self-modify) as conditions occur. Heuristic techniques are employed in AI systems.

decision making

the processes by which individuals, or groups and organizations, decide actions or determine policies. Obviously, decision making covers a wide area, involving virtually the whole of human action. Sociologists, psychologists and political scientists, among others, have been interested in decision making in different ways, though there are overlapping interests. These perspectives include: formal analysis of the decision strategies of actors in competitive situations (as in THEORY OF GAMES, and in approaches derived from Economics, e.g. see EXCHANGE THEORY); analysis of decision-making behaviour in the dynamics of small groups (see GROUP DYNAMICS); studies of organizations (see ORGANIZATION THEORY); studies of access to political decision-making (see COMMUNITY POWER).
References in periodicals archive ?
Although most nurses would confirm including this option in their clinical decision-making process, it has received scant attention in the literature.
If the behavior being displayed is adaptive and helps a person reach their goals, then no error can exist in decision-making regardless of rationality.
At first glance, this multipotentiality seems quite advantageous, although it may complicate career decision-making and goal setting for gifted and talented students (Kerr, 1990).
Finance must inspire the recapture of intuition as a factor in decision-making, fostering dialogue and discovery to create practical action plans and identify the first signs of flawed choices.
Yet, the tone of most of the conference speakers' discussions about place-based decision-making implied that the province was not insisting on retaining this backstopping role to protect provincially significant environmental values.
Little investigative attention has been given to the decision-making skills, career/vocational development, and the relatively narrow range of career options for students with disabilities in today's labor market.
hospitals found that nearly all of them possessed decision-making competence.
Aspects of the sexual relationship that influence contraceptive decision-making are also relevant to microbicide use.
They offer a decision-making process in which the regulator (the public child welfare agency) works with the family in a respectful mode that assumes that the family group (if not necessarily the parents) has both the capacity and the caring concern to come into compliance with the law and community standards so that children are protected from abuse and neglect.
Law enforcement personnel exhibit various characteristics during the decision-making process.
While the teaming model does establish a method for collaboration based upon shared decision-making, it also retains the expectation that everyone will participate "equally," which may contradict the values and assumptions each person brings to the collaborative relationship.

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