decision making

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decision making

Making choices. The proper balance of human and machine decision making is an important part of a system's design.

Human Decision Making Is Complex
It is easy to think of automating tasks traditionally performed by people, but it is not that easy to analyze how decisions are made by an experienced, intuitive worker. If an improper analysis of human decision making is made, the wrong decision making may be placed into the machine, which can get buried in documentation that is rarely reviewed. This will become a critical issue as artificial intelligence applications proliferate. See AI.

Algorithmic or Heuristic
From a programming point of view, decision making is performed two ways: algorithmic, a precise set of rules and conditions that never change, or heuristic, a set of rules that may change over time (self-modify) as conditions occur. Heuristic techniques are employed in AI systems.

decision making

the processes by which individuals, or groups and organizations, decide actions or determine policies. Obviously, decision making covers a wide area, involving virtually the whole of human action. Sociologists, psychologists and political scientists, among others, have been interested in decision making in different ways, though there are overlapping interests. These perspectives include: formal analysis of the decision strategies of actors in competitive situations (as in THEORY OF GAMES, and in approaches derived from Economics, e.g. see EXCHANGE THEORY); analysis of decision-making behaviour in the dynamics of small groups (see GROUP DYNAMICS); studies of organizations (see ORGANIZATION THEORY); studies of access to political decision-making (see COMMUNITY POWER).
References in periodicals archive ?
Niles, Erford, Hunt and Watts (1997) examined decision-making styles and career development in college students, and found that career assistance must be sensitive to students' preferences for gathering and analyzing data in the decision-making process.
Rather, if restorative justice at the base takes the form of the collaborative, respectful, non-coercive decision-making process of FGC, the place of deterrence in the middle is taken by professional- or court-determined disposition of the case, imposed with or without the family's agreement.
The first role is to discover what stage of the career decision-making process the individual is in currently.
Licensed insurance professionals will be available to help consumers throughout the decision-making process, said Marissa Moretti, a spokeswoman for GE Financial Network.
To completely comprehend customer needs, vendors have to be aware of the buyers' decision-making process and the reasons they want to purchase from an ASP and not the vendor itself.
The Greek philosophers taught us that reason (logos), passion (pathos) and morality (ethos) are the three factors that must influence the decision-making process.
Deciding who to put on, the intensity of the program, when to change the intensity, and when to discharge requires the oversight of a skilled individual--a case manager--who can not only participate in the decision-making process but coordinate the care provided by the rehab department.
Frick, PhD, MA, assistant professor, Health Policy and Management at the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, said, "Medical directors have an incentive to share responsibility for the decision-making process because they want to protect their reputations as healers.
The analysis would have benefited by attempting to ascertain whether political demands affected the decision-making process.
Where the organization positions the function within the decision-making process of ten determines its focus and, therefore, its nomenclature.
However, with no Middle East experts guiding the decision-making process, the administration transposed its view of reality onto Hussein and seriously miscalculated his next move.
It is difficult to feel a sense of loyalty when the administrator discourages informal input to the decision-making process or fails to take an active interest in the opinions and thoughts of his players.

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