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Related to Decortication: decerebration, pleurodesis



removal of the cortex of the cerebral hemispheres. Total decortication (performed in the second half of the 19th century by the German physiologist F. Goltz on a dog) is used in experimental physiology for the purpose of studying the influences of the cortex on other structures of the central nervous system and organs.

With total decortication, higher animals show severe disturbances of behavioral reactions and of conditioned-reflex activity. The animals sleep most of the time, awaking only when there are intense stimuli associated with the simplest reflex activity (taking food, defecation, urination); when they are in the waking state, chaotic motor activity is observed. Partial decortication, the removal (extirpation) of certain parts of the cortex of the cerebral hemispheres (lobectomy, gyrectomy, topectomy), is used in experiments to study such matters as the functions of the cortex of the cerebral hemispheres and the cortical links of the analysers and in clinical practice as a neurosurgical method of treating certain organic affections and diseases associated with disturbance of cortical function. The symptom complex characteristic of partial decortication may arise as a result of trauma to any part of the cortex, in disturbances of cerebral blood circulation, and in brain tumors.

In man a phenomenon analogous to disturbances occurring in decortication may be observed in congenital anencephalia; such newborns are, as a rule, not capable of living.


References in periodicals archive ?
It is an accepted principle of orthopedics that successful fusion requires decortication to trigger the body's healing response," said Jim Bullock, president and CEO of Zyga Technology.
TABLE 1 Surgery performed, transfusion requirement and time from surgery to administration of rVIIa Patient Age Procedure 1 62 Right thoracotomy and decortication 2 62 CABGx4 3 42 R Thoracotomy; Dehisced wound post transplant 4 54 Type A aortic dissection repair+LVAD implantation 5a 56 BiVAD implantation 5b 56 heart transplantation and BiVAD explant 6 33 Bilateral Sequential Lung Transplant 7a 19 BiVAD implantation 7b 19 heart transplantation and BiVAD explant 8 46 heart/lung transplant+asc.
Eight days after the initial surgery, the patient underwent thoracoscopic drainage of a retained hemothorax and decortication with extensive lysis of adhesions between the lung and chest wall.
6) The standard treatment is decortication of the inflammatory fibrous bands.
Decortication of the lower lobe, which had collapsed totally into the posterior costophrenic sinus, was also done, followed by reexpansion.
It enables me to perform a true fusion, including decortication and bone grafting, through an efficient, minimally invasive approach; the procedure was completed in 30 minutes and the patient went home the next morning.
He underwent tube thoracostomy and decortication of the right pleural space with a good outcome.
OTCPink: HEMP) recently updated its shareholders on its decortication plant in North Carolina.
On September 25, Bruce Perlowin, CEO of Hemp announced its wholly owned subsidiary, Industrial Hemp Manufacturing, LLC, (IHM) has just purchased and secured its permanent facility for the Temafa decortication line of equipment.
The system uses proven orthopedic principles, including joint decortication, bone grafting and fixation with a threaded implant, to provide a "true SI joint arthrodesis.
The Company intends to use the net proceeds of the offering to expand its European wet processing facility, to purchase additional decortication equipment, to fund working capital and for other general corporate purposes.
This kind of objective data may show payers, other physicians, and of course those suffering from SI Joint Dysfunction the clinical and economic benefits of true SI Joint arthrodesis including decortication and bone grafting.