defence mechanism

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defence mechanism

(PSYCHOANALYSIS) the method by which the EGO transforms the energies of the ID to make them acceptable to reality. Defence mechanisms reduce biological tension and mental anxiety The main defence mechanisms are:
  1. denial, where the instinctual urge is inhibited;
  2. repression, where it is made completely unconscious;
  3. projection, where the urge is inhibited in the self but attributed to another person;
  4. reaction formation, where the energies of the ID are redirected in the opposite direction;
  5. intellectualization, where unacceptable emotions are transformed by explanations making excuses for the undesirable behaviour;
  6. sublimation, where the energy of the ID is directed from the primary, but unacceptable, object to one that is socially acceptable. See also FREUD, LACAN.
References in periodicals archive ?
Defense mechanisms have been researched since the beginning of formal psychology by writers such as Freud (Koocher, Norcross, & Hill, 1998; Levit, 1993; Vaillant, Bond, & Vaillant, 1986).
The unconscious mind chimes in with ego defense mechanisms, which allow the ego to deal with the anxiety and respond to the stress.
Magic words come from three commonly used defense mechanisms - rationalization, projection, and minimization.
On the other hand, rationalization is a defense mechanism the group frequently used in perilous situations.
However, the faster growth comes in exchange of defense mechanisms.
An objective instrument for measuring defense mechanisms.
Each chapter chronicles the life cycle, defense mechanisms, and evolution of a different insect pest.
According to Lewis, the density of the polymer on a coated surface is so high that natural microbial defense mechanisms will be overwhelmed.
It is important for us to recognize 12 common defense mechanisms, [2] because most of them damage interpersonal relationships:
This unmatched informational reach enables Black Hat to be continuously aware of the newest vulnerabilities, defense mechanisms, and industry trends.
FMA also says that the tissues used in the new study lacked important defense mechanisms, such as the layers of mucus that protect living mussels' gills.

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