Dehqan

Dehqan

 

a term known since the time of the Sassanids in Iran and Middle Asia. Originally, the term referred to landholders who had left their communes and sometimes had become feudal lords; it also referred to village elders. In the seventh through 12th centuries the dehqans were feudal landholders of the old Iranian aristocracy, controlling the land with the rights of mulk (temporal sovereignty). Sometimes a peasant landowner was also referred to as a dehqan. Between the 11th and 13th centuries, as the local landholders in Iran and Middle Asia gave way to Turkic and Mongol military vassals (iktadars), the significance of the dehqans as feudal lords gradually vanished. After the 13th century, the term “dehqan” came to mean “peasant” (of all categories).

REFERENCES

Bartol’d, V. V. “Turkestan v epokhu mongol’skogo nashestviia.” Soch., vol. 1. Moscow, 1963.
Iakubovskii, A. Iu. Istoriia Uzbekskoi SSR, vol. 1, book 1. Tashkent, 1955.
Petrushevskii, I. P. Zemledelie i agrarnye otnosheniia v Irane v XIII-XIV vv. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
Iran in March unveiled the tank and launched its mass-production line in a ceremony attended by former Defense Minister Brigadier General Hossein Dehqan.
Iran will continue taking advantage of its political, economic and military capabilities to safeguard Iraq, Iran's Defense Minister Brigadier General Hossein Dehqan was quoted by official media as saying.
Defense Minister Hossain Dehqan has clearly not been listening to President Trump's daily complaints about allies who do not pay for their own defense and rely on the United States to protect them for free,
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The bilateral talk between Khawaja Mohammad Asif and Hossein Dehqan was held on the sidelines Conference on International Security in Moscow.
TAHRAN (CyHAN)- The US defense secretary had best to refrain from making arrogant statements, and begin talking more cautiously to prevent America from becoming involved in more regional problems, such as those it is already entwined in, such as in Somalia, Afghanistan, Iraq, and Yemen, Iranian Defense Minister Hossein Dehqan said.
Cucumber hybrid seeds (Farah Dehqan F1/equal) In 500 seed packets
Hossein Dehqan on Tuesday gave a run-down of the army's upcoming military buildup, and revealed that a new fighter jet announced in February has been delivered to the Iranian Air Force.
Moscow -- Iran Defense Minister Brigadier General Hossein Dehqan discussed major regional and international developments and bilateral ties with his Pakistani counterpart Khawaja Asif on the sidelines of International Security Conference in Moscow on Friday.
Russia had illegally breached their contract following pressure from Israel and the United States, Iran's Defence Minister Hossein Dehqan said.
Defense Minister Hossein Dehqan recounted his own experience as part of the Revolutionary Guard group that came to Lebanon in the 1980s to train members of what would eventually become Hezbollah, Iranian media reported.
The more healthy you eat, the healthier you are," said the study author and a nutritionist Mahshid Dehqan from the Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario.