Dehqan

Dehqan

 

a term known since the time of the Sassanids in Iran and Middle Asia. Originally, the term referred to landholders who had left their communes and sometimes had become feudal lords; it also referred to village elders. In the seventh through 12th centuries the dehqans were feudal landholders of the old Iranian aristocracy, controlling the land with the rights of mulk (temporal sovereignty). Sometimes a peasant landowner was also referred to as a dehqan. Between the 11th and 13th centuries, as the local landholders in Iran and Middle Asia gave way to Turkic and Mongol military vassals (iktadars), the significance of the dehqans as feudal lords gradually vanished. After the 13th century, the term “dehqan” came to mean “peasant” (of all categories).

REFERENCES

Bartol’d, V. V. “Turkestan v epokhu mongol’skogo nashestviia.” Soch., vol. 1. Moscow, 1963.
Iakubovskii, A. Iu. Istoriia Uzbekskoi SSR, vol. 1, book 1. Tashkent, 1955.
Petrushevskii, I. P. Zemledelie i agrarnye otnosheniia v Irane v XIII-XIV vv. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
TEHRAN (FNA)- The Iranian Naval forces received a large number of home-made long-range 'Qadir' cruise missiles in a ceremony participated by Defense Minister Brigadier General Hossein Dehqan and Navy Commander Rear Admiral Habibollah Sayyari.
TAHRAN (CyHAN)- The US defense secretary had best to refrain from making arrogant statements, and begin talking more cautiously to prevent America from becoming involved in more regional problems, such as those it is already entwined in, such as in Somalia, Afghanistan, Iraq, and Yemen, Iranian Defense Minister Hossein Dehqan said.
Defense Minister Hossain Dehqan went on television to announce the launch.
The inauguration of Nasr air-launched cruise missile would increase the strength of tactical power of the Iranian military forces, Dehqan said.
Cucumber hybrid seeds (Farah Dehqan F1/equal) In 500 seed packets
Moscow -- Iran Defense Minister Brigadier General Hossein Dehqan discussed major regional and international developments and bilateral ties with his Pakistani counterpart Khawaja Asif on the sidelines of International Security Conference in Moscow on Friday.
Russia had illegally breached their contract following pressure from Israel and the United States, Iran's Defence Minister Hossein Dehqan said.
Defense Minister Hossein Dehqan recounted his own experience as part of the Revolutionary Guard group that came to Lebanon in the 1980s to train members of what would eventually become Hezbollah, Iranian media reported.
In turn, Iranian Defense Minister Brigadier General Hossein Dehqan said military intervention in Syria will worsen the crisis in the Arab country, causing it to spill over into neighboring states.
The more healthy you eat, the healthier you are," said the study author and a nutritionist Mahshid Dehqan from the Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario.
Earlier this year, the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC) launched the production line of 'Qadir' cruise missiles in a ceremony participated by Defense Minister Brigadier General Hossein Dehqan and other high-ranking Iranian commanders.
TEHRAN, Aug 18 (KUNA) -- Iranian Defense Minister Hossein Dehqan announced on Tuesday that his country and Russia will sign an agreement on the sale of the Russian S-300 long range surface-to-air missile system to Tehran in Moscow next week.