Sonia Delaunay-Terk

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Delaunay-Terk, Sonia

(dəlōnā`-tĕrk`), 1885–1979, Russian painter and designer; wife of Robert DelaunayDelaunay, Robert
, 1885–1941, French painter; husband of Sonia Delaunay-Terk. By 1909, Delaunay had progressed from a neoimpressionist phase to cubism, applying cubist principles to the exploration of color.
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. Raised in St. Petersburg, she moved to Paris in 1905. With her husband, she developed orphismorphism,
a short-lived movement in art founded in 1912 by Robert Delaunay, Frank Kupka, the Duchamp brothers, and Roger de la Fresnaye. Apollinaire coined the term orphism
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, a movement that strove for the harmonious mixture of colors. After World War I, her interest shifted to fashion design, but returned to painting in the 1930s. In 1937, she collaborated with her husband on a mural for the Paris Exposition. During the 1950s, she exhibited regularly and her work was the subject of retrospectives in Paris and Lisbon. In 1964, she was the first living woman to exhibit at the Louvre. She designed (1968) the costumes and setting for Stravinsky's Danses Concortantes.
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