Théophile Delcassé

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Delcassé, Théophile

 

Born Mar. 1, 1852, in Pamiers; died Feb. 22, 1923, in Nice. French statesman and diplomat.

In 1889, Delcassé was elected to the Chamber of Deputies, where he advanced because of his speeches on foreign policy. From May 30, 1894, through Jan. 13, 1895, Delcassé was minister of colonies, and he was active in broadening French colonial expansion in Africa. From 1898 through 1905 he was minister of foreign affairs. A master of secret diplomacy, Delcassé, in defending the interests of French imperialism, strove to expand the French colonial empire (in particular, the seizure of Morocco) without losing sight of an encounter with Germany, which he felt was unavoidable. With these goals in mind, Delcassé attempted to strengthen the Franco-Russian alliance and expand France’s political ties with Great Britain and, partially, with Italy. Delcassé actively facilitated the conclusion of the Anglo-French agreement of 1904, as well as agreements of 1900 and 1902 with Italy, which in fact detached Italy from the Triple Alliance. At the time of the first Moroccan crisis, Delcassé, an advocate of a hard line with regard to Germany, was compelled to resign (June 1905). From 1911 to the beginning of 1913, Delcassé was maritime minister, but he continued to exert an influence on the foreign policy of France, and in 1912 he signed a Russo-French maritime convention. In 1913, in order to strengthen the Franco-Russian alliance, Delcassé was sent as ambassador to St. Petersburg. At the beginning of World War I, Delcassé was appointed minister of foreign affairs,, but because of differences with members of the British government over general questions of how the war should be conducted he resigned in October 1915 and subsequently played no active political role.

A. Z. MANFRED

References in periodicals archive ?
Europe felt more comfortable dealing with an American leader who was not only conversant with the style of European diplomacy--Weltpolitik and Realpolitik--but effectively practiced a personal diplomacy many European diplomatic leaders favored, including Wilhelm II, King Edward VI, French Foreign Minister Theophile Delcasse, [German chancellor Bernhard yon] Bulow, and Tsar Nicholas II.
The president was fairly confident that his initiative would win the Kaiser's support and hoped that Theophile Delcasse, the French foreign minister, would also back his efforts (Roosevelt 1954, 4:1204).
Mitterand's earlier notes to the 1968 edition of the novel link Zola's expansionist enthusiasm with moderate opportunist discourses of the Third Republic: "Par son panegyrique de la colonisation, qui s'exprime d'ailleurs en evocations pour le moins idealisees, sinon naives, il se montre plus proche de l'ideologie de Jules Ferry ou de Delcasse que de celle de Jaures" (Zola, Fecondite 525).
The French Foreign Minister Theophile Delcasse, although skeptical of what could actually be accomplished at such a conference, feared a possible outcome that might endorse the Treaty of Frankfurt and, hence, the German annexation of Alsace and Lorraine.
For example, Theophile Delcasse, the French minister of foreign affairs from 1898 to 1905, proclaimed, "Thanks to Camille Pelletan, we no longer have a fleet.
Nous admirons que du siecle de Chamberlain et de Delcasse jusqu'aux jours d'Hitler, de Mussolini et de Staline, ait vecu en un endroit de la planete une creature qui n'avait que le souffle et qui tenait en respect les Empires.
Theophile delcasse and the making of the Entente Cordiale: A re-appraisal of French foreign policy, 1898-1905.
39) He eventually persuaded his Foreign Minister, Theophile Delcasse, to centralise French consular representation in Sydney, by upgrading the consulate general for New South Wales and Queensland to a consulate general for the whole of the new Commonwealth, with himself responsible for all the States.
Despite genuine efforts to mend fences by the British government and the French Minister for Foreign Affairs, Theophile Delcasse, French-British and French-Australian relations were at a low ebb.
Eventually, Biard d'Aunet's report was fully endorsed by the Minister for Foreign Affairs, Theophile Delcasse.
Both Alexandre Millerand, the Minister for Commerce, Industry, Posts and Telegraphs, and Theophile Delcasse, the Minister for Foreign Affairs, objected to the clause which extended the authority of the Sydney Chamber of Commerce to all Australian colonies, requesting that it be limited to New South Wales and Queensland, the two colonies under the jurisdiction of the Sydney Consulate General.
Keiger, University of Salford, have suggested that "unattributed borrowings, large and small" (Tombs) may be found in Hayne's work, particularly from Keiger and from Christopher Andrew's book on the French foreign minister, Theophile Delcasse (1968).