Delhi Sultanate


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Delhi Sultanate,

refers to the various Muslim dynasties that ruled in India (1210–1526). It was founded after Muhammad of GhorMuhammad of Ghor,
d. 1206, Afghan conqueror of N India. A brother of the sultan of Ghor, he was made governor of Ghazni in 1173 and from there launched a series of invasions of India. By 1186 he had conquered the Muslim principalities in the Punjab.
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 defeated Prithvi RajPrithvi Raj
, d. 1192, ruler of the Chauan dynasty of N India. A great warrior, he later became the subject of many romantic epics, including the Chand Raisa. He resisted the incursions of the Afghans led by Muhammad of Ghor, but in 1192 at the second battle of Taraori
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 and captured Delhi in 1192. In 1206, Qutb ud-Din, one of his generals, proclaimed himself sultan of Delhi and founded a line of rulers called the Slave dynasty, because he and several of the sultans who claimed succession from him were originally military slaves. Iltutmish (1210–35) and Balban (1266–87) were among the dynasty's most illustrious rulers. Constantly faced with revolts by conquered territories and rival families, the Slave dynasty came to an end in 1290. Under the Khalji dynasty (1290–1320), the conquests of Ala ud-Din Khalji brought Muslim dominion in India to its greatest height until the Mughul empire. Early in the reign of Muhammad Tughluq, founder of the Tughluq dynasty (1325–98), the power of Delhi was acknowledged even in the extreme S of India. His eccentric rule and ferocious temperament provoked a series of revolts, notably that of the Hindu Vijayanagar kingdom in the south, and a steady loss of territory; by his death (1351) the Hindu south had recovered its independence and the Deccan had become a separate Muslim state, the Bahmani kingdom. Under Tughluq's successors the sultanate of Delhi began to disintegrate into several small states. With the sack of Delhi by Timur in 1398, the once great sultanate fell, although local rulers lingered on at Delhi until the invasion of Babur and the MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
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 conquest.

Bibliography

See V. D. Mahajan, The Sultanate of Delhi (2d ed. 1963); I. Quereshi, Administration of the Sultanate of Delhi (5th ed. 1971); N. K. Hamida, Agriculture, Industrial and Urban Dynamism under the Sultans of Delhi, 1206–1555 (1986).

References in periodicals archive ?
Compa and Delhi Sultanate performed at ECHO at antiSOCIAL, Hauz Khas on September 25.
A dynamic courtier who served several rulers and noblemen of the Delhi Sultanate (1206-1526) between 1290 and 1325, Khusrau who consistently expressed a tremendous love for India is seen to have brought together two streams, the Indian and the Islamic, to build a distinctive Hindustani aesthetic culture.
Symbols of Authority in Medieval Islam: History, Religion and Muslim Legitimacy in the Delhi Sultanate.
They were introduced to South Asia (India, Pakistan) during the Muslim Delhi Sultanate when cooks from Middle East and Central Asia migrated to work in the kitchens of the Sultan and the nobility.
After the fall of Delhi sultanate, for a very brief time we saw at the throne of Delhi the much charismatic Sher Shah Suri at least administratively he was up to the mark.
Having passed through the hands of the Delhi Sultanate, Bahmani Sultanate and British rule, the town has retained its pristine and simple beauty.
Drenched in vote bank politics, Delhi Sultanate was neglecting the security", he said.
Probably trained in the Hindu and Jain manuscript illustration tradition, his pictures illustrate the most famous Islamic epic, Firdawsi's Shahnama, and were probably made for a Muslim patron who was part of the dominant Delhi Sultanate across northern India.
Kathiawari horses came into being after a local breeder in the 14th century in Saurashtra cross breeded his mares with Arabian horses being brought to India by the orders of the Delhi Sultanate.
As a parallel development, the thirteenth century also saw the rise of the Delhi Sultanate, leading to a flourishing of culture and politics, renowned until the present day as the Indian-Persian culture.
Taru Dalmia, a Delhi-based hip hop artist known as Delhi Sultanate, has started a collaboration with Singh along with other artists who share a dislike of the way India is developing socially and economically.
The Delhi Sultanate (1206-1526) and the Mughul empire in India (1526-1707) made a significant contribution to enriching the art, sculpture and culture, bringing new influences on the Indian societal and cultural make up.

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