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(1) In international law, a violation of the norms of international law or obligations resulting from incorrect action (inaction) or negligence. Current international law distinguishes two categories of delicts: misdemeanors, which constitute infringements on the rights and interests of a particular state or group of states, and international crimes, which are infringements on the basic principles of international relations and thus damage the rights and interests of all states. Most typical in this respect are criminal encroachments on international peace and the security and freedom of peoples. These encroachments are singled out in a special category of delict because of their extraordinary danger and are specified in the UN Charter. In international documents adopted since World War II (1939-45), crimes against peace have often been included in the category of the most serious international crimes; these are considered crimes against humanity (for example, the statutes of the Nuremberg and Tokyo international war tribunals and the resolutions of the UN General Assembly on Dec. 11, 1946, and Nov. 21, 1947).

The concept of the international crime is also applied to actions by a state that infringe on the sovereignty and freedom of peoples, such as colonial oppression, suppression of a national liberation, movement by force, apartheid, and genocide. Also among crimes against humanity is the initial introduction by a state of nuclear, chemical, bacteriological, or other weapons of mass destruction. All states and other subjects of international law bear international legal liability for delicts. Agreements by states on international measures to prosecute particular categories of crimes committed by physical persons (above all, crimes against humanity) do not change this principle, because the liability of physical persons who have committed such crimes is a special type of criminal liability in the norms of international law.

(2) In civil law, a misdemeanor.


References in periodicals archive ?
extending Shevill to online communication delicts by holding that
An assessment of the lawfulness of a threat made in self-defense requires a determination of the "type" of delict that may be responded to with a countervailing threat.
Ea avea un corp de invidiat, iar el avea un corp delict.
While the academic study of Roman law did not start until the 11th century, basic concepts in modern civil law of contract, delict (negligence), possession, and ownership all show Roman influence.
Initially, there was no ability to collect for the delict (tort) of an employer against an employee if the employee could not prove fault.
So, for example, when claiming damages for injuries at work, British claimants and pursuers nowadays rely on the Work Equipment Regulations (34) and similar regulations based on European directives, rather than on the old common law of tort or delict.
The Common Law I course at Lancaster and the Delict Game at Strathclyde and Glasgow Caledonian became precursors of the Ardcalloch/Simple projects in which students were organised into teams of lawyers who negotiated specific cases on behalf of clients.
14)," the lawmaker said at a press conference at the parliament, attended by Aswat al-Iraq news agency, noting that Malaysia asked the Iraqi government of al-Dayni is wanted for a crime or delict.
Article 5(2) underscores the dual nature of aggression--namely, as crime as well as delict.
A failure to meet these (higher) standards would constitute a separate delict and it is for this delict, rather than the terrorist attack itself, that the state is responsible.
Von Savigny held that in the case of an obligation arising from delict, it was appropriate to 'have regard to the law of the place of the action, not to that under which the delict was committed'.
In some systems, the matter is regulated by statute, (3) while there are attempts in other systems to afford protection within the confines of existing common law measures of mainly the law of tort or delict.