Jacques Delors

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Delors, Jacques

(Jacques Lucien Jean Delors) (zhäk lo͞osyăN` zhäN dəlôr`) 1925–, French economist and politician and European statesman, president (1985–95) of the European Commission. Beginning in the 1940s, he held a series of posts in French banking and state planning, eventually becoming (1969) an adviser to Gaullist Prime Minister Jacques Chaban-Delmas. In 1974 he joined the French Socialist party, and from 1979 to 1981 he served in the European Parliament. Under President François MitterrandMitterrand, François Maurice
, 1916–96, French political leader, president of France, 1981–95. Initially a supporter of Pétain's Vichy government during World War II, he joined the Resistance in 1943.
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, Delors served as economics and finance minister (1981–83) and economics, finance, and budget minister (1983–84), helping to revive the French economy. In 1985 he became president of the European Commission, the executive body of the European Community (EC; now the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 [EU]). With British commissioner Lord Cockfield, he crafted and won approval of the Single European Act (1986), which laid the groundwork for the creation of a single EC market in 1993. Delors also oversaw the transformation of the EC into the EU, which moved the EC nations toward a single currency and greater cooperation on defense.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Delors, Jacques (1992), "Le principe de subsidiarite.
Delors, Jacques, "Le principe de subsidiarite : contribution au debat", in: Subsidiarite: defi du changement.