Demetrius Phalereus

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Demetrius Phalereus

(dĭmē`trēəs fəlēr`o͞os, fəlēr`ēəs) [Lat.,=of Phalerum], d. c.280 B.C., Athenian orator. One of the first PeripateticsPeripatetics
[Gr.,=walking about; from Aristotle's manner in teaching], the followers of Aristotle. Theophrastus, friend of Aristotle and cofounder with him of the Peripatetic school of philosophy, succeeded him as its head (323 B.C.) and did much to bring it into favor.
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, he wrote extensively in history, rhetoric, and literary criticism. He was governor of Athens (317–307 B.C.) under CassanderCassander
, 358–297 B.C., king of Macedon, one of the chief figures in the wars of the Diadochi. The son of Antipater, he was an officer under Alexander the Great, but there was ill feeling between them.
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. In 307 B.C., when Demetrius I took Athens, Demetrius Phalereus was overthrown. Escaping to Egypt, he rose in the favor of Ptolemy I, to whom he is said to have suggested a library. On the accession of Ptolemy Philadelphus, Demetrius again went into exile, dying soon afterward.
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, Johnson inquires why Aristeas attributes to Demetrius of Phalerum the important role of obtaining the translation of the Jewish Scriptures, given that his exile by Philadelphus was generally known.
The letter situates this undertaking in the broader context of the foundation of the Library of Alexandria on the advice of Demetrius of Phalerum, who instigated the plan to gather together all the world's books, both those in the possession of the Greeks and those "of other peoples.
In his "written account" to the king ([sections] 30), Demetrius of Phalerum speaks of the small number of books that are still absent from the royal library, besides, of course, the holy books of the Jews, which form the main object of his brief text.