demiurge

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demiurge

(dĕm`ēûrj') [Gr.,=workman, craftsman], name given by Plato in a mythological passage in the Timaeus to the creator God. In GnosticismGnosticism
, dualistic religious and philosophical movement of the late Hellenistic and early Christian eras. The term designates a wide assortment of sects, numerous by the 2d cent. A.D.
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 the Demiurge, creator of the material world, was not God but the Archon, or chief of the lowest order of spirits or aeons. According to the Gnostics, the Demiurge was able to endow man only with psyche (sensuous soul)—the pneuma (rational soul) having been added by God. The Gnostics identified the Demiurge with the Jehovah of the Hebrews. In philosophy the term is used to denote a divinity who is the builder of the universe rather than its creator.

Demiurge

 

the term denoting, in philosophy, the creator of any source; and in theology, god, or the creator of the world. In ancient Greece its chief meaning was social: demiourgoi were the craftmen and merchants in the population, as opposed to the landowning elite (eupatridae), the farmers (geomoroi), and the people involved in free professions, such as doctors, poets, and singers.

References in periodicals archive ?
Der Demiurg als eine Gottheit, die die Welt geschaffen hat, kommt schon bei Plato vor (Plato, Timaios 28 A.
Schenke und Rudolph fuhren die Aufmerksamkeit auf die Tatsache, dass in der Gnosis sowohl der unbekannte Gott als auch der Demiurg Zuge des alttestamentlichen Gottes tragt und deswegen vermutet, dass beide aus dem Judentum stammen (Schenke 1985:414, Rudolph 1975b:794).
16) Ka rida teemasid on gnostilisele motlemisele ja varase keisririigi (I-II sajand) aegsele filosoofilisele motlemisele uhised: Jumal ja hing, demiurg ja tundmatu Jumal, kurja paritolu, hinge allalaskumine vaimsest maailmast ja tema tagasipoordumine oma algkodusse, hinge vangistus (saatus) ja vabadus.
331-332; Emilian Bold, Ilie Seftiuc, Pactul Ribbentrop-Molotov si implcatiile internationale, editia a II- a, Casa Editoriala Demiurg Plus, Iasi, 2010, p.