demyelinating disease

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demyelinating disease

[dē′mī·ə·lə‚nād·iŋ di‚zēz]
(medicine)
Any disease associated with the destruction or removal of myelin from nerves.
References in periodicals archive ?
Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is a chronic autoimmune demyelinating disease of the CNS, usually of the optic nerve and spinal cord, that is associated with serum anti-aquaporin-4 (AQP4) immunoglobulin G antibodies, which have a sensitivity of 60~70% and specificity of 99% for the disease.
Inflammatory demyelinating disease (IDD) of central nervous system (CNS) is a rare autoimmune disorder, which contains multiple sclerosis (MS), clinical isolated syndrome (CIS), neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSDs), and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis.
More long-term studies examining bigger patient series should be performed to enlighten the relationship between demyelinating diseases and IBD.
Multiple sclerosis is a chronic, inflammatory, demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, distinguished by recurrent episodes of demyelination and the consequent neurological symptoms.
Every case with suspected demyelinating disease involving the spinal cord should be complemented with brain MRI.
of California, San Diego) organizes the 23 chapters by common problems such as pain, sleep disorders, seizures, and dementia and then diseases, such as movement disorders, infections of the nervous system, and demyelinating diseases, with discussion of evaluation, management, and treatment.
Multiple sclerosis, and other primarily demyelinating diseases, such as myelinoclastic diffuse sclerosis (Schilder disease) and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis can manifest as tumefactive lesions.
In the demyelinating diseases group other than MS (DM), statistically significant differences were observed with respect to group C for lactate concentration values of 20.
Records were considered for inclusion in the case count if 1) the patient resided in the 19-county study area; 2) the patient made an office visit between January 1, 1998, and December 31, 2000; and, 3) the condition had the following International Classification of Disease, 9th Revision (ICD-9), codes or corresponding conditions: MS (340), other demyelinating diseases (341.
However, there is a suggestion of relapse of demyelinating diseases following surgery (2,3).
Analysis through week 48 showed there were no deaths and no cases of opportunistic infections, tuberculosis, demyelinating diseases, hematologic events, or congestive heart failure.
said that although PML and MS are both demyelinating diseases, the mechanisms of demyelination are different and PML is "not at all related to MS," he said.