mamba

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mamba,

name for African snakes of the genus Dendroaspis, in the cobracobra,
name for African and Asian snakes of the family Elapidae that are equipped with inflatable neck hoods. The family also includes the African mambas, the Asian kraits, the New World coral snakes and a large number of Australian snakes.
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 family. Widely distributed throughout Africa except in the deserts, mambas have extremely toxic venom. When attacking they raise the front of the body high off the ground and aim at the head or trunk of the victim. They do not have hoods (as do the Asian cobras), but some can inflate their necks in a threatening gesture. Members of some species are very aggressive, displaying a greater tendency to attack than do most snakes; nevertheless, their reaction to danger is often flight. The so-called black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis), actually dark brown to gray, may grow up to 14 ft (4.3 m) long and is the most feared of the mambas. It lives mostly in open country and preys on small mammals and birds. The green mamba (D. angusticeps) is a more arboreal snake, found in forest and bush country. Both are distributed throughout most of sub-Saharan Africa. Mambas are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Reptilia, order Squamata, family Elapidae.

Mamba

 

a poisonous snake of the genus Dendroaspis family Elapidae. There are four species, distributed throughout Africa (south of the Sahara). Length, 2-4 m. The snakes, except for the black mamba (D. polylepsis), are green, sometimes with dark spots.

As a rule, mambas inhabit trees but may be encountered in bushes. They sometimes crawl into settlements and cultivated lands. Mambas are egg-laying snakes and feed on birds, lizards, and rodents. Small animals die within seconds of a mamba’s bite; many cases of human deaths are known.

mamba

any aggressive partly arboreal tropical African venomous elapid snake of the genus Dendroaspis, esp D. angusticeps (green and black mambas)
References in periodicals archive ?
Smith, 1840), Black-necked spitting cobra (Naja nigricollis Reinhardt, 1843) and Dendroaspis polylepis (Gunther, 1864).
8 1 Vervet Monkey Chlorocebus pygerythrus 9 1 Human Homo sapiens sapiens 1 1 Birds Bird -- generic 4 3 3 African darter Anhinga rufa 1 1 Eagle/Hawks 1 1 Kori bustard Ardeotis kori 6 1 Laughing dove Streptopelia senegalensis 1 1 Rodents Rodent -- generic 3 2 5 Giant Elephant Shrew Rhynchocyon chrysopygus 1 1 Reptiles/Amphibians Snake -- generic 1 Mamba (snake) Dendroaspis sp.
Guide to initial dosage of antivenoms for some southern African snake species(5) species English name antivenom initial dose Bitis arietans Puff adder SAVP 50 - 100 Polyvalent ml Bitis gabonica gaboon viper SAVP 50 - 100 Polyvalent ml Dendroaspis polylepis black mamba SAVP 50 - 200 Polyvalent ml Dendroaspis angusticeps Eastern green SAVP 50 - 100 mamba Polyvalent ml Dispholidus typus boomslang SAVP 20 ml boomslang Naja annulifera Snouted SAVP 50 - 120 cobra Polyvalent ml Naja haje Egyptian SAVP 50 - 120 cobra Polyvalent ml Naja mossambica Mozambique SAVP 100 ml spitting Polyvalent cobra Naja nigricollis black-necked SAVP 50 - 100 spitting Polyvalent ml cobra Naja nivea Cape cobra SAVP 80 - 120 Polyvalent ml