Dendrocolaptidae


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Dendrocolaptidae

[‚den·drō·kə′lap·tə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The woodcreepers, a family of passeriform birds belonging to the suboscine group.

Dendrocolaptidae

 

a family of birds of the order Passeriformes. The body is 12.5-38 cm long. The coloring is olive brown, and the abdomen often has vertical stripes. The legs are short and strong; the tail, which is stiff as in woodpeckers and tree creepers, helps support the bird as it crawls over tree trunks in search of such food as insects and spiders. Sometimes the bird feeds on the ground by killing passing ants. There are 48 species in the family living in the tropical forests of Central and South America. They build nests in sheltered places, such as the hollows of tree trunks and the thick crowns of palm trees. Each clutch contains two or, more rarely, three white eggs.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
gujanensis: Dendrocolaptidae (Donatelli, 1997); Furnariidae (Donatelli and Marceliano, 2007); Drepanididae (Richards and Bock, 1973); Vireonidae (Orenstein and Barlow, 1981).
The rigid tail is shared by Sclerurus, Dendrocolaptidae, and several taxa distributed among all Furnariidae clades, and it may represent a derived character for the family, which has been modified or lost in a number of terminal taxa and has been well developed as a rising support in Dendrocolaptidae and Pygarrhycas (Irestedt, et al.
2005) stated that Dendrocolaptidae have a typical holorhinous condition.
In contrast, Zusi (1993) stated that in many Furnariidae (especially Philydor) and in Dendrocolaptidae, prokinesis may have evolved from proximal rhynchokinesis.
In Dendrocolaptidae, the postorbital and squamosal processes are fused (Feduccia, 1973), which modifies the location and origin of the mandibular adductor muscles.
He also observed that the squamosal and post-orbital processes were well developed in Automolus, characteristics also observed in Dendrocolaptidae and in this study.