Anton Ivanovich Denikin

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Anton Ivanovich Denikin
BirthplaceWłocławek, Warsaw Governorate, Privislinsky Krai

Denikin, Anton Ivanovich


Born Dec. 4 (16), 1872, near Warsaw; died Aug. 8, 1947, in Ann Arbor, Mich. One of the main leaders of the all-Russian counterrevolution during the Civil War (1918-20); lieutenant general (1916). Born into the family of an officer.

Denikin graduated from the Kiev Infantry Junker School (1892) and the Academy of the General Staff (1899). During World War I he commanded a brigade, a division, and from the autumn of 1916 the 8th Army Corps on the Rumanian front. In April-May 1917 he was chief of staff of the supreme commander in chief and then commanded the troops of the western and southwestern fronts. He was an active participant in the Kornilovshchina. On Nov. 19 (Dec. 2), 1917, along with L. G. Kornilov, he fled from the Bykhov prison to the Don River, where he took part in the creation of the Volunteer Army, which he headed after Kornilov’s death on Apr. 13, 1918. In the autumn of 1918, with the aid of the Entente, Denikin became commander in chief of the counterrevolutionary Armed Forces of the South of Russia and Admiral A. V. Kolchak’s deputy supreme ruler of Russia. In the summer and autumn of 1919 he led a campaign on Moscow. After the White Guards were routed in March 1920, Denikin and the remnants of the army evacuated to the Crimea. There on April 4 he turned over the command to General P. N. Wrangel and departed on an English destroyer for Constantinople.

In his political views he sympathized with the Constitutional Democrats (Cadets) and supported a bourgeois parliamentary republic. Although he remained an enemy of Soviet Power to the end of his life, in 1939 he appealed to White emigres not to support fascist Germany in the event that it fought a war against the USSR. He is the author of memoirs on the Civil War (Essays on the Russian Disturbances, vols. 1-5, Paris, Berlin, 1921-26; in an abridged version, The Campaign on Moscow, Moscow, 1928).

References in periodicals archive ?
Then too Lenin was assassinated every weekend, Trotsky arrested Lenin every other month, the Red regime fell regularly, and Moscow was captured by Denikin, Kolchak and numerous other white army leaders who never got within hundreds of miles of it.
Letter to the Workers and Peasants of the Ukraine Apropos of the Victories over Denikin.
The attacker was the White Army General, Anton Denikin, who Cole drew casting the shadow of 'International Capitalism'.
No tenemos ningun negocio ni en el derecho, ni en la moral ni en la humanidad para tratar de matar de hambre a la Rusia europea en los intereses de Kolchak, (Anton) Denikin y los Finlandeses Blancos".
Some of the revolution's most prominent participants--Shul'gin and Kerenskii, Denikin and Miliukov, Trotskii and Sukhanov--were among its first historians.
Mikhail Denikin, chairman of the village council in Izvaryne, on the Ukrainian side of the border, stood by the road waving a large Russian flag as the trucks drove past.
aasta jaanuaris noudis viimase ulemjuhataja kindral Anton Denikin Gruusia vagede tagasitombumist Inguri joe (piirijogi Gruusia ja Abhaasia vahel ka tanapaeval) taha ning voimu uleandmist abhaasidele, kuid seda ei taidetud ja Abhaasia jai okupeerituks.
There are also some outright errors: the Provisional Committee of the State Duma did not declare Russia a republic on 3 March 1917; (19) no bridge 'spans' Nevskii Prospekt in St Petersburg; (24) Denikin was not Kornilov's chief of staff in 1917; (59) Masaryk cannot properly be described as a leader of the Czechoslovak Legion, (60) etc.
During the Civil War, the armies of Denikin and of Wrangel tried to use antisemitism as a weapon in their struggle against the Soviet regime.
He forced the White Russian commander, General Denikin, to promise Georgia and its neighbors independence because the British wanted to control the Baku-Batumi railway bringing oil from the Caspian to the Black Sea.
In 1922, Frank clashed with Struve's militant anti-Bolshevism, impressing on this sponsor of General Denikin and former member of Baron Wrangel's Provisional Government that the Bolshevik evil could not be eradicated by military force and hatred alone.