Fluorosis

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Fluorosis

 

a chronic disease caused by prolonged excessive ingestion of fluorine. The consumption of water with a high fluorine concentration (more than 1–1.2 mg/liter) or food with an excessive quantity of fluoride compounds results in the retention of fluorine salts in bones and dental tissues and the replacement of soluble calcium compounds by the insoluble compounds of calcium and fluorine. Fluorosis is manifested by the appearance of stains on dental enamel and by a change in the structure of bony tissue (osteosclerosis), causing bone deformity and calcification of ligaments. When contact with fluorine is terminated, symptoms of fluorosis decrease.

References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore, a high amount of fluoride in drinking water is a cause of concern as it may lead to dental fluorosis.
According to a study conducted in Southern Rajasthan, India, by Choubisa in 2001, both children and adults were suffering with dental fluorosis at 1.
The present hospital-based study was conducted to correlate the occurrence of dental fluorosis in children aged 6-14 years belonging to Avarankattur Village with that of fluoride content of drinking water from various sources and other related factors by convenient sampling technique since the duration of the study was 3 months.
In vivo and in vitro models standardized for the study of dental fluorosis
Too much fluoride will cause gastrointestinal pain, nausea, headaches and dental fluorosis,' said Abellera.
Fluoride levels in amniotic fluid have been positively correlated in a dose-response relationship with fluoride content and pathology of fetal bones with significantly greater fluoride levels in fetuses born to mothers with dental fluorosis.
Dental fluorosis was mainly accepted as a cosmetic and only given emphasis by adolescents.
Study of thyroid hormones free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4) and thyroid stimulating hormone ( TSH) in subjects with dental fluorosis.
Prevalence of dental fluorosis among primary school children in rural areas of Karera block, Madhya Pradesh, Indian J Pediatr September 2013; 80(9): 718-20.
Information for health care providers and individuals on how to prevent tooth decay and reduce the chance of developing dental fluorosis is available at http://www.