Deoxyribose


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Related to Deoxyribose: phosphodiester bond

Deoxyribose

A nucleic acid constituent (see illustration) of all animal, microbial, and plant cells; also known as 2- d -deoxyribose. Deoxyribose is enzymically formed in living cells by reduction of ribonucleoside di- or triphosphate. The four deoxyribose nucleotides, containing adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine, are the major constituents of the deoxyribonucleic acids (DNA), which control the hereditary characteristics of every living organism. See Deoxyribonucleic acid (dna), Nucleic acid, Ribose

Formulas of 2- D -deoxyribose (α- D -2-deoxyribofuranose)enlarge picture
Formulas of 2- D -deoxyribose (α- D -2-deoxyribofuranose)

Deoxyribose

 

a carbohydrate belonging to the deoxy-sugars. Part of the deoxyribonucleic acids, it consists of crystals and has a molecular weight of 134.1 and a melting point of 78°-82° C. Its structural formula is

deoxyribose

[dē¦äk·sē′rī‚bōs]
(biochemistry)
C5H10O4 A pentose sugar in which the hydrogen replaces the hydroxyl groups of ribose; a major constituent of deoxyribonucleic acid.
References in periodicals archive ?
Inhibition of deoxyribose degradation is considered an indication of hydroxyl radical scavenging action (Halliwell et al.
We wish to suggest a structure for the salt of deoxyribose nucleic acid (D.
A number of alterations involving deoxyribose sugar and/or alteration of purine and pyrimidine bases, cleavage of DNA, DNA-protein cross links etc are due to reactions with ROS, especially OH'.
Crick, "A structure for deoxyribose nucleic acid," Nature, Vol.
Nucleic Acids--A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid, 171 Nature 737,
Each nucleotide consists of three basic items: deoxyribose sugar, phosphate group and a nitrogenous base.
The single--OH group difference makes the ribose sugar much more chemically reactive than its deoxyribose cousin.
Watson published a short paper in the journal Nature with a quiet title: "Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid.
In 1953 Francis Crick and James D Watson published a short paper in the journal Nature with a quiet title: "Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid.
Each strand is a long chain of nucleotides; every nucleotide is made up of three components: base, deoxyribose sugar, and phosphate.
The sleep-inducing title Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid is actually the proof, authored by James Watson and Francis Crick in 1953, of the double helix structure of DNA -- the basis of modern biology.
1953) Molecular structure of nucleic acids; a structure for deoxyribose nucleic acid.