depth charge

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depth charge,

explosive device used against submarines and other underwater targets, either rolled into the water from rails on the stern of a ship or propelled from depth charge throwers. The charge is detonated by water pressure at a predetermined depth. It does not have to come into actual contact with the target to destroy it, since the concussion can accomplish this if the charge explodes near enough. First used by the British navy in World War I, it contributed significantly to the defeat of the German U-boat campaign.

Depth Charge

 

one of the types of naval weaponry designed to combat submerged submarines.

The depth charge is a shell with a powerful explosive substance or atomic charge contained in a metal housing that may be of a cylindrical, spherocylindrical, teardrop, or other shape. The explosion of the depth charge breaks the hull of the submarine and damages or destroys it. The explosion is set off by a fuse that may engage when the charge strikes the hull of the submarine at a given depth or when the charge passes the submarine at a distance not greater than the radius of action of a proximity fuse. The stabilizing tail assembly gives the spherocylindrical and teardrop depth charges a stable attitude when moving on a trajectory. Depth charges are subdivided into aviation and ship charges; ships launch rocket depth charges from starters and fire depth charges from single- or multiple-barreled launchers or dump them from stern-mounted bomb release mechanisms. Depth charges were first widely used in World War I (1914-18) and remained a very important type of antisubmarine weapon in World War II (1939-45).

REFERENCES

Kvitnitskii, A. A. Bor’ba s podvodnymi lodkami (po inostrannym dannym). Moscow, 1963.
Shmakov, N. A. Osnovy voenno-morskogo dela. Moscow, 1947. Pages 155-57.

L. A. SKORODUMOV

depth charge

[′depth ‚chärj]
(ordnance)
A cylindrical or teardrop-shaped container holding a charge of TNT or other explosive, dropped from the deck of a ship, and detonated at a preset depth as an antisubmarine weapon.
References in periodicals archive ?
Depth charges were dropped in various patterns to give the best chances of success.
During one such mission, John and his two-man crew were blown-up by their own depth charge.
Flt Lt Cruickshank was hit 72 times but dropped the depth charges himself and sank the U-boat.
On October 12th, flying out of Iceland, his three well placed depth charges sank the U-342.
We have promised our sponsor that there will be no failure, so we will, if necessary, use the latest and most powerful depth charges in the loch.
On May 5, 1945, all U-boats had been ordered to surrender, but U-534 refused, and was sunk by RAF 86 squadron with depth charges while heading towards Norway.
On 12 October 1942, flying out of Iceland, Layton's three, well-placed depth charges sank U-342.
Thanks to enhanced sound, you'll jump as depth charges go off and wince at the creaks of the hull as the submarine dives further than it should.
It was sunk en-route to Norway by depth charges dropped by a Liberator aircraft from RAF 547 Squadron.
He then dived beneath the bows of a charging destroyer, dodged 37 depth charges, served tea, surfaced and set course for Malta.
Heading north towards Norway, with no flag of surrender, she was attacked by a Liberator aircraft from RAF 547 Squadron which dropped depth charges.