However, American analysts misidentified the internal dynamics within the Dergue
and in the summer of 1976, Major Sisay of the moderate faction was arrested and executed.
Under this law, Ethiopia is prosecuting members of the Dergue
, a military body established to enforce government policy and ideology and to eliminate members of opposition groups that were deemed "`enemies of the Revolution.
Ethiopia took control of Eritrea in the period after World War II; after Haile Mariam Mengistu and a junta known as the Dergue
seized control of Ethiopia in 1974, Ethiopian rule in Eritrea was characterized by brutality and plunder.
Sudanese Communist Movement/Party (SPLM/A) first started as a branch of the Communist Movement/Party of the Soviet Union in the Ethiopian Communist Dergue
had wanted to erase all references to Haile Sellasie but Gebrekristos' father had rescued it from the palace and kept it hidden, at considerable personal risk, for the many years of the "Red Terror".
79) In 1994, it charged top officials of the Dergue
with genocide and crimes against humanity pursuant to the Ethiopian penal and criminal procedure codes.
The military dictatorship that took power was widely known as the Dergue
, the Amharic word for committee.
The TPLF was a secessionist movement, which was pushed into an all Ethiopian role by the vacuum created by the speedy collapse of the Dergue
The paragraphs below, quoted from one of my previously published articles about two tragic events that have hardly been documented -- the resignation of Prime Minster Aklilu Habte-Wold's cabinet and the sudden murder of 60 civil and army officials by the brutal Dergue
regime -- are illustrations that make evident the extent to which we Ethiopians don't mind, don't seem to care, if we live in complete darkness about the actions and measures undertaken by our own ancestors, parents and even ourselves.
OA: The Government has no intention of running private businesses: these were inherited from the Dergue
which nationalised everything.
One would certainly not imagine that the hostile winds of division would dare to shake and tear the rocky houses built by those who were the direct victims of both the Dergue
and Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), and suffered so tremendously at their hands -- those who had held secret and dangerous meetings in various Ethiopia cities, waged urban wars, and who spent time together so closely and intimately as brothers, sisters and comrades under the chilly winters and summers of the Assimba mountains.
On the other, it is dogged by a history of brutality under the socialist Dergue
regime; an infamous famine that many still deem a defining feature; and, though democratic to a greater or lesser degree since 1991, ethnic tension, an African Human Development Index rating of 48th and a GDP per capita of $100, reflect the Herculean task the country faces.