Derived Word

Derived Word

 

a new word in a language formed from preexisting words by using active models of word-formation and composition. In synchronous linguistics, all words that can be divided into morphemes are considered derived words, regardless of the words’ origins; this includes words whose divisibility is historically secondary. From the standpoint of modern Russian, for example, the word zontik (“umbrella”) is derived fron zont (also meaning “umbrella”), whereas historically zont is derived from zontik (from the Dutch zondek). On the other hand, many words that arose as derived words were de-etymologized and are no longer perceived as derived words; for example, kol’tso (“ring”) is historically a diminutive of kolo (“circle”).

References in periodicals archive ?
This hypothesis is based on the derived word 'tize+li' with transferred meaning 'strong' or 'powerful' and phraseological word formation with this word formation component 'tize buktiru' (word by word translation is 'to force smb to the knees') meaning 'to conquer' and the etymology of which may go back to the Old Turkic period.
The species name of nivalis comes from the Latin word nivis which means snow and the derived word in our language, nival which means growing among snow, so the taxonomists of years gone by got that bit right.
That evening, my student checked through the various notes he had purchased to discover that the lesson was derived word for word from one of them.
The derived word 'bezoar' is still used to designate large, unpleasant gastrointestinal concretions.
The second assumption is that the rules of lexical morphology not only define derived word forms and their syntactic properties, but also novel lexical meanings.
Thus, even though under the decomposition model, the lexicon is relieved of the burden of replicating the root for each derived word in which it participates, it is severely "overloaded" with word-formation rules governing interactions between various root-affix combinations.
He derived words and Quranic expression which could be used in daily life and made them part of her vocabulary.
Thus, it is possible to speak about an increase in motivation as compared to derived words.
It is important to note that, synchronically speaking, modern Semitic languages have, for the most part, derived words from these isolated nouns via the normal Semitic mechanisms available.
Entries include the part of speech, abbreviation, etymology, synonym, derived words, and in some cases, cross-references.
We therefore predict derived words that are more frequent than the bases they contain (characterized by direct access) to be less robustly semantically transparent than words that are less frequent than their bases (characterized by decomposition).
Entries from "AA" (Alcoholics Anonymous) to "zygote intrafallopian transfer" (a type of in vitro fertilization) include the etymology of the term, synonyms, derived words, namesake (in cases of eponymous disorders), and cross-references.