Dervishes


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Related to Dervishes: Whirling Dervishes

Dervishes

 

Muslim mystics, members of the Sufi sect.

The dervishes are organized into communities and orders—that is, “brotherhoods” (their first appearance is traced to the 11th century). These orders have their rules, clerical hierarchies, and cloisters (khanaka, zawiyya, takiyya [takka]); they also venerate hermits. The most well-known dervish orders are the Kadiriyya, Nakshbandiyya, Yasewiyya, Mawlawiyya, Bektashiyya (Bektashi), and Sanusiyya. The foundation of the teaching of the dervishes is the personal communication of man with god, which is achieved through mystical ecstasy (from silent meditation and self-contemplation to the group recitation aloud of prayers accompanied by singing, music, and ritual dances). Dervish orders exist in Pakistan, India, Indonesia, Iran, and in several African countries. No statistics concerning them exist. The activity of dervishes was outlawed in republican Turkey in 1925. In the Soviet East vestigial forms of dervish orders still exist.

References in periodicals archive ?
Crafted from resin, metal and bronze, Samia Baroudi's sculpture series explores the forms of the whirling dervishes.
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In the present day, the dervishes enter the dancing space wearing long black gowns and high felt caps.
8, with the participation of many dervishes as well as local residents, although security forces had blocked roads into the town.
Sobhi has been playing second-fiddle with the Dervishes since the arrival of veteran Essam Al-Hadari in the summer.
Mostafa Azmayesh, a representative of the group outside Iran, told Radio Farda the 189 dervishes were called to the court In Borujerd March 5 and questioned on charges of "disobedience," "insulting high-ranking authorities" and "disrupting public order.
It is the traditional night in the modern era when the Mevlevi Order, the whirling dervishes, and the many lovers of Mevlana celebrate and remember his union with his Beloved, his "wedding with eternity".
Iranian security forces have bulldozed a Sufi house of worship of the Gonabadi dervishes in Esfahan.
The program, beautifully danced throughout, was completed by Dervishes (1920) and Cramer's personal realization of El Greco (1920).
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It was also the dervish lodge (tekke) of the Mevlevi order, better known as the whirling dervishes.