When Queen Isabella of France and her consort Roger Mortimer invaded England in 1326, Despenser
was near the top of their hit list.
The barons, and Lancaster in particular, are usually direct objects rather than subjects in sentences, but rarely are the king and the Despensers
actors either, strictly speaking: events like the appointment of Despenser
as Chamberlain--the crucial moment at which the Despensers
become a political force--are told in the passive voice without an agent.
While the Despenser
reredos is deprived of its proper liturgical context, it can be examined more closely than would ever be possible in the cathedral.
The Hugh Lord Despenser
tomb, the Founders Chapel and the Trinity Chapel are arranged between the Gothic arches of the chancel at Tewkesbury Abbey, with the effigies and altars orientated to the high altar, as a necklace of chapels.
After 1322 his own interests became so totally associated with those of the Despensers
that the only way to get rid of them was to get rid of him.
was dominant at court in the last years of Edward II's reign, using his position to amass a vast empire in South Wales.
Wyclif's later writings about war are dominated by the Flanders Crusade led by Bishop Despenser
of Norwich under the auspices of the Roman Pope Urban VI.
Haines has made a point of consistently going back to the chronicle and other primary evidence, allowing him to offer his own interpretations of events, a practice which has benefited his treatment of the Despenser
regime, where the secondary material is not as consistently reliable as that for the period up to 1322.
History records that Edward was the lover of a Gascon knight, Piers Gaveston, and also of an Anglo-Norman one, Hugh le Despenser
Donat's, had been associates of the Despensers
, whose power-base was also in Glamorgan - Sir Hugh le Despenser
's still-extant charter to Margam Abbey bears the signature of Sir Edward Stradling, and since the Stradling family were all renowned antiquaries, the connection is unlikely to have been lost on them,(46) especially since the play has a heavily Welsh emphasis, with Rice ap Howell, the Welsh hooks, and the scene in Neath Abbey (of which the Stradling library possessed a history).
The most likely period of composition is the late 1380s or 1390s, after the Despenser
crusade (1383) and before the statute De heretico comburendo (1401), probably about 1389-90.
The issues are the familiar ones of confession, the Eucharist, predestination, the Bible, preaching, human laws, the Church, papacy, prelacy, priesthood, religious orders, secular authority, pilgrimage, images, saints, indulgences, the Despenser
crusade, and persecution, set against a backdrop of the Great Schism and the machinations of Antichrist, as the source of the disordered times.