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city (1994 pop. 93,290), Saxony-Anhalt, E Germany, at the confluence of the Elbe and Mulde rivers. It is an industrial city, river port, and rail and road transport center. Before World War II it was the site of a large aircraft factory. Present industries include a shipyard, armaments, and vehicle, machinery, and chemical works. Dessau was first known as a German settlement in 1213. In 1603 it became the residence of the line of AnhaltAnhalt
, former state, c.900 sq mi (2,330 sq km), central Germany, surrounded by the former Prussian provinces of Saxony and Brandenburg. Dessau, the capital, and Köthen were the chief cities. Nonmountainous except for the outliers of the lower Harz Mts.
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-Dessau. From 1925 to 1932 it was the seat of the Bauhaus art school, headed by Walter Gropius and widely regarded as the most significant art school in the 20th cent.; the school was converted into a museum in 1977. The city was severely damaged in World War II. The Marienkirche in Dessau, a 16th-century church, has an altarpiece by Lucas Cranach, the younger. The philosopher Moses MendelssohnMendelssohn, Moses
, 1729–86, German-Jewish philosopher; grandfather of Felix Mendelssohn. He was a leader in the movement for cultural assimilation. In 1743 he went to Berlin, where he studied and worked, becoming (1750) a partner in a silk merchant's firm.
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 was born (1729) in Dessau.



a city in the Halle District of the German Democratic Republic on the Mulde River near its junction with the Elbe. Population, 97,800 (1970). A railroad junction, it has an inland harbor at Wallwitzhafen on the Elbe. The machine-building industry comprises the production of cement and mining equipment, refrigerator cars, and river ships. Other industries include the electrical technology, instrument-making, chemical, woodworking, and food (including sugar) industries. The Vockerode Thermoelectric Power Plant is located near the city.

Dessau was laid out and built up in the classical style of the 18th and early 19th century. The ducal castle (1530-88) was rebuilt in the 18th century by the architects G. W. Knobelsdorff and F. W. Erdmannsdorff. The latter also constructed the palaces of Luisium (1774) and Georgium (1780), a greenhouse (1793), theaters, and dwellings. In the 1920’s, W. Gropius built the Bauhaus complex in Dessau (1925-26). and the Tórten residential district (1926-28). Destroyed in 1944-45, Dessau has been entirely rebuilt. Museums include the State Gallery (painting and graphic arts) and the Mosigkau Palace (18th-century culture).


[Usemann, W.] Dessau. Dresden, 1961.


an industrial city in E Germany, in Saxony-Anhalt: capital of Anhalt state from 1340 to 1918. Pop.: 78 380 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
For the new building project Bauhaus Dessau Museum to the planning services for the technical equipment to be subcontracted - Work phases 1 (Basic Data), 2 (planning), 3 (design planning) and 4 (planning permission) gem.
For the new building project Bauhaus Dessau Museum to the benefits for structural engineering will be awarded - Work phases 1 (Basic Data), 2 (planning), 3 (design planning) and 4 (planning permission) gem.
A local partner, Fahrzeugtechnik Dessau AG, will be involved in the assembly of the driver's cabs.
The ecological lessons learnt on this project are being elaborated at the partnership's new Federal Ministry of the Environment at Dessau.
Sauerbruch Hutton's competition-winning proposal for the new German Environment Ministry in Dessau provides a chance for politicians to put environmentally responsive ideals into practice.
But where Dessau was the Bauhaus manifesto made concrete, for Karlsruhe's electronic Bauhaus, a recycled, revived post-industrial structure functions as well as any made-to-measure shed.
The pure uncompromising Bauhaus spirit, with its emphasis on art and design moved on to its Gropius-designed Dessau school.
There is a blackness throughout, particularly of metal components, which recalls the Dessau Bauhaus.
renovation of the buildings and grounds of the primary school tempelhoferstraE-e tempelhoferstraE-e 52 in dessau (hard iii - general and energy rehabilitation).
1915: The German Junkers J1, the first all-metal aeroplane, was test flown at Dessau.
According to News24, the tunes, within Twitter's limit of 140 characters, would be selected and arranged for a symphony orchestra in the eastern city of Dessau that hosts the music festival.