Determinatives


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Determinatives

 

(1) In some modern languages, a class of words including articles and certain pronomial adjectives (demonstratives and possessives). Determinatives are necessary markers with the noun; they express the meanings of the grammatical category of definiteness. Determinatives exist in a number of Western European languages (all Romance and Germanic languages, Greek, and Hungarian).

(2) In the comparative grammar of Indo-European languages, the term designating the elements of the suffixal type, which are closely bound to the root and whose precise meaning is usually not clear.

(3) In the history of written language, the graphic markers of a group of concepts, to which the word equipped with the determinative belongs. Determinatives are used in individual writing systems (the hieroglyphic written language of Egypt, the Hittite hieroglyphics, and Sumerian and Hittite cuneiform). In the Chinese hieroglyphic written language, the determinative is an element of hieroglyph (which is common to a number of hieroglyphs); it can also function as an independent hieroglyph.

References in periodicals archive ?
Reynolds also argues that these words pass his first property of determinatives, namely, their inability to combine with a or the or with each other except in coordination (p.
Interestingly, Reynolds (2013) also has as his second property of determinatives the fact that they "can combine with a singular count noun to form a grammatical noun phrase" (p.
The two glyphs at the end of the word lakbyt, "mourning woman," are determinatives that illustrate its meaning.
The determinative at the end indicates that the musician is male.
The examples in (14) are semantically partitive, and there is nothing about their syntax which is at odds with interpreting them as determinatives that take a complement, and specifically a partitive one, in all these examples, save that the construction may be elliptical, as in (15).
the non-singulative (22b)); and, unlike overt singular determinatives, this internal singulative does not inhibit the plural inflexion.
Turning to the syntactic points that Lenchuk and Ahmed bring up, they first attack the claim that determinatives can participate in the partitive construction as defined in Reynolds (2013).
I concede that it is almost certain that an algorithm using only the rules in Reynolds (2013) could not be written to accurately identify all determinatives and only determinatives.
These descriptions suggest that the authors are describing a category of words analogous to noun, adjective, and preposition, but although Palmer (1924) explicitly calls determinatives a category and recognizes their various functions, he also says that they may be used as modifiers (a FUNCTION, e.
In the more specific case under consideration here, it is not clear whether Palmer thought of determinatives as a category, a function, or something in between, but modern linguistics recognizes them as both a category and a function.
437 below the hm-sign in the name of the addressee read a t + female determinative, and the whole line is to be corrected into n Hm.
Verse 54: the determinative of the man with raised arms has been omitted in A.