Deuteronomy


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Deuteronomy

(do͞otərŏn`əmē), book of the Bible, literally meaning "second law," last of the five books (the Pentateuch or Torah) ascribed by tradition to Moses. Deuteronomy purports to be the final words of Moses to the people of Israel on the eve of their crossing the Jordan to take possession of Canaan. Moses rehearses the law received at Sinai 40 years previously, reapplying it to the new generation who accept its claim on them at a ceremony of ratification recorded in the Book of Joshua. The history of Israel found in Joshua and Second Kings is written from the Deuteronomic point of view, and is often called the "Deuteronomic history." Deuteronomy functions as the introduction to this historical work and provides the guiding principles on which Israel's historical traditions are assessed. The bulk of the book is the record of three speeches of Moses, and may be outlined as follows: first, the introductory discourse reviewing the history of Israel since the exodus from Egypt; second, an address of Moses to the people, beginning with general principles of morality and then continuing with particulars of legislation, including a repetition of the Ten Commandments, and a concluding exhortation in which Moses again appeals to the people to renew the covenant; third, a charter of narrative in which Moses nominates Joshua as his successor and delivers the book of the Law to the Levites; fourth, the Song of Moses; fifth, the blessing of Israel by Moses; and sixth, the death of Moses. The legislation is oriented toward life in the Promised Land, with the eventual foundation of a single lawful sanctuary.

Bibliography

See A. D. H. Mayes, Deuteronomy (1979); M. Noth, The Deuteronomistic History (1981); P. D. Miller, Deuteronomy (1990). See also bibliography under Old TestamentOld Testament,
Christian name for the Hebrew Bible, which serves as the first division of the Christian Bible (see New Testament). The designations "Old" and "New" seem to have been adopted after c.A.D.
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References in periodicals archive ?
October 26, 2014, 20th Sunday after Pentecost Matthew 22:34-40 (41-46) Alternate first reading, Deuteronomy 6:1-9
According to Romer, it was the so-called "Holiness School" that later removed the scroll of Deuteronomy from the Deuteronomistic Library, and appended it to an original Priestly document.
In Deuteronomy (5:12), the word is "observe, guard.
If the fragment is indeed an original copy of Deuteronomy, the revelation has the potential to change the understanding - and possibly even the wording - of the modern Bible, Charlesworth said.
Jeffrey Tigay, The JPS Torah Commentary: Deuteronomy (Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society, 1996) p.
Worn down close home on that occasion after a trademark spectacular round of jumping, Deuteronomy will appreciate this afternoon's shorter trip, and careful perusal of his rivals' strengths and weaknesses suggests canny Brian Hughes would be wise to dictate matters from the start.
For those not convinced that the rights of a sexual assault victim were a low priority in the Bible, and that "legitimate rape" had a niche in biblical law, consider this: Deuteronomy 21:11 permits Israelite soldiers to force war captives into marriage; Numbers 31:18 states that, after the Israelites slaughtered the adult Midianite males, Moses ordered the soldiers to take all the young girls "who have not known a man by lying with him and keep alive for yourselves"; and Deuteronomy 22:23-24 makes clear that if a (betrothed) virgin is raped in a city and doesn't cry for help, she should be stoned to death along with the perpetrator.
For Jews, Christians, and Muslims, Deuteronomy makes a normative claim upon individuals and upon society, calling for a radical welcome and just process for all strangers who find their way to our gates, for refugees who arrive in any of a variety of ways to Canada.
Some of the Dead Sea Scrolls include the earliest known versions of the Book of Deuteronomy, which is significant because the Book of Deuteronomy contains the Ten Commandments, as well as the first chapter of the Book of Genesis.
Theological concepts of major importance occur in Deuteronomy, such as covenant, covenant obligations, Yahweh as a God of love, the election of Israel, the gift of the land, and Holy War, and all are given extensive attention.
Closing the show, Old Deuteronomy addresses the audience in Eliot''s words, "You''ve learned enough to take the view that cats are very much like you.
The permeation of passages of Deuteronomy in Christian scriptures testifies that Israelite religion is a core belief in first-century Christianity.