Deutscher Werkbund

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Deutscher Werkbund

 

(German Association of Craftsmen), an organization of architects, artisans, and industrialists founded in Munich in 1907 for the purpose of reorganizing the building trades and the artistic crafts on a modern industrial basis. H. Muthesius, H. K. van de Velde, T. Fischer, F. Schumacher, R. Riemerschmid, F. Naumann, and K. E. Osthaus were among the founders of the Deutscher Werkbund. P. Behrens, W. Gropius, L. Mies van der Rohe, H. Poelzig, B. Taut, J. Hoffmann, and Le Corbusier were associated with the organization.

When designing models for mass production (utensils, furniture, fabrics, compartments in railroad cars, steamship cabins, and interiors of motor vehicles), the members of the Werkbund tried to give them simple, purposeful, and functionally justified forms. The members also designed the interiors of buildings. The Deutscher Werkbund’s largest exhibits (Cologne, 1914; Stuttgart, 1927) greatly influenced international industrial art. The organization published the Jahrbuch des Deutschen Werkbundes (1912–22) and the journal Die Form (1925–33). In 1933 the Werkbund was dissolved by the fascists; it was reestablished in Düsseldorf in 1947.

REFERENCES

Muthesius, H. , F. Naumann, and H. van de Velde. Die Werkbund-Arbeit der Zukunft. Jena, 1914.
Riemerschmid, R. Der Deutscher Werkbund. [Stuttgart] 1926.
50 Jahre: Deutscher Werkbund. . .. Edited by H. Eckstein. Frankfurt-Berlin, 1958.
References in periodicals archive ?
Founded in Munich in 1907, the Deutsche Werkbund believed that industrialisation was a threat to the national culture of Germany and so aimed at improving the quality of German products by reconciling art, craft and industry.
This book is an expanded version of the catalogue of the exhibition held at Munich on the occasion of Otto & Rasch receiving the Deutsche Werkbund Bayer prize.
He subsequently exercised a great influence on modern continental architecture as director first of the Deutsche Werkbund and afterwards of the Bauhaus at Dessau (where he followed Gropius).
The Deutsche Werkbund was set up in the same year to foster links between art and industry, and to improve the quality of German manufactured goods.

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