Deutscher Werkbund


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Deutscher Werkbund

 

(German Association of Craftsmen), an organization of architects, artisans, and industrialists founded in Munich in 1907 for the purpose of reorganizing the building trades and the artistic crafts on a modern industrial basis. H. Muthesius, H. K. van de Velde, T. Fischer, F. Schumacher, R. Riemerschmid, F. Naumann, and K. E. Osthaus were among the founders of the Deutscher Werkbund. P. Behrens, W. Gropius, L. Mies van der Rohe, H. Poelzig, B. Taut, J. Hoffmann, and Le Corbusier were associated with the organization.

When designing models for mass production (utensils, furniture, fabrics, compartments in railroad cars, steamship cabins, and interiors of motor vehicles), the members of the Werkbund tried to give them simple, purposeful, and functionally justified forms. The members also designed the interiors of buildings. The Deutscher Werkbund’s largest exhibits (Cologne, 1914; Stuttgart, 1927) greatly influenced international industrial art. The organization published the Jahrbuch des Deutschen Werkbundes (1912–22) and the journal Die Form (1925–33). In 1933 the Werkbund was dissolved by the fascists; it was reestablished in Düsseldorf in 1947.

REFERENCES

Muthesius, H. , F. Naumann, and H. van de Velde. Die Werkbund-Arbeit der Zukunft. Jena, 1914.
Riemerschmid, R. Der Deutscher Werkbund. [Stuttgart] 1926.
50 Jahre: Deutscher Werkbund. . .. Edited by H. Eckstein. Frankfurt-Berlin, 1958.
References in periodicals archive ?
3); attended the 1914 Deutscher Werkbund exhibition in Cologne; was a founder member of the Design & Industries Association (DIA); and initiated the Mansard Gallery on the shop's top floor as a magnet to attract a more avant-garde clientele.
This led to the founding of German Work Federation or Deutscher Werkbund, (the subject of the last section of the show), whose advocates brought about fusion of the contributions of artists, craftspeople, and industrialists that after the Great War led ultimately to the founding of the Bauhaus school in Weimar, and the acceptance of industrial design.
The Deutscher Werkbund was an association of manufacturers and designers, founded in 1907, with the aim of collaborating in the production of high-quality consumer goods.
Behrens believed them, certainly, but so did other members of the Deutscher Werkbund, a group of artists and industrialists established in 1907 to advocate for the integration of art and industry and the consequent improvement of manufactured products.
In 1915, the school had been founded under the influence of the Deutscher Werkbund which went along largely with the ideas of the British Arts and Crafts movement.
His rising career, as Director of the Royal Prussian Academy of Art and Applied Arts, as member of the newly grounded Deutscher Werkbund and later as Town Planning Counsellor and teacher at the Technical University in Dresden, did not flag.
1, second section from left) was a prominent inclusion in Hoffmann's Osterreich-Haus at the 1914 Deutscher Werkbund exhibition in Cologne.

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