New Britain

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New Britain,

industrial city (1990 pop. 75,491), Hartford co., central Conn.; settled c.1686, inc. 1871. The tin shops and brassworks in the city were established in the 18th cent. New Britain became famous as the "Hardware City" because of its tool and household-hardware industry, which remains economically important. Central Connecticut State Univ. is there. Of interest are the city hall (1884), a park designed by Frederick Law Olmsted in the center of the city, and a museum of American art. Elihu BurrittBurritt, Elihu,
1810–79, American reformer, b. New Britain, Conn. A blacksmith, he studied mathematics, languages, and geography and became known as "the learned blacksmith.
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 was born in New Britain.

New Britain,

volcanic island (1990 pop. 315,649), c.14,600 sq mi (37,810 sq km), SW Pacific, largest island of the Bismarck ArchipelagoBismarck Archipelago,
volcanic island group, 19,200 sq mi (49,730 sq km), SW Pacific, a part of Papua New Guinea. The group includes New Britain (the largest island), New Ireland, the Admiralty Islands, the Mussau Islands, New Hanover, the Vitu Islands, and the Duke of York
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 and part of Papua New Guinea, in which it forms two provinces (East and West New Britain). RabaulRabaul
, town (1990 pop. 17,044), on New Britain island, Bismarck Archipelago, a part of Papua New Guinea. Situated within an active caldera surrounded by volcanoes, the city has long been vulnerable to volcanic eruptions.
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 is the chief town and port. The island is mountainous, with active volcanoes, hot springs, and peaks over 7,000 ft (2,130 m) high. The major export is copra, and some copper, gold, iron, and coal are mined.

Visited and named by the English explorer William DampierDampier, William
, 1651–1715, English explorer, buccaneer, hydrographer, and naturalist. He fought (1673) in the Dutch War, managed a plantation in Jamaica (1674), and then worked with logwood cutters in Honduras (1675–78).
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 in 1700, New Britain became part of German New Guinea in 1884. Germany called it Neu Pommern (New Pomerania). In 1920 it was mandated to Australia by the League of Nations and in 1947 was made a UN trust territory under Australian control. In 1937 and again in 1994 Rabaul was severely damaged by volcanic activity.

New Britain

 

a city in the northeastern USA, in the state of Connecticut. Population, 83,000 (including the metropolitan area, 145,000; 1970). Industry employs 25,000 people. Bearings, machine tools, instruments, and nonferrous metal items are produced in the city.


New Britain

 

a volcanic island in the Pacific Ocean, the largest in the Bismarck Archipelago. Named in 1700 by the English explorer William Dampier; known as New Pomerania from 1884 through 1920. Part of Papua New Guinea. Area, 36,600 sq km; population, approximately 160,000 (1970; including nearby islands). The relief is mountainous, with elevations of up to 2,300 m (The Father, an active volcano). The climate is equatorial, and there are equatorial rain forests. Coconuts, cacao, and coffee are grown on plantations. The chief city and port is Rabaul.

New Britain

an island in the S Pacific, northeast of New Guinea: the largest island of the Bismarck Archipelago; part of Papua New Guinea; mountainous, with several active volcanoes. Capital: Rabaul. Pop.: 435 307 (1999 est.). Area: 36 519 sq. km (14 100 sq. miles)