Dhaka


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Dhaka

or

Dacca

(both: dăk`ə), city (1991 pop. 6,844,131), capital of Bangladesh, on a channel of the Dhaleshwari River, in the heart of the world's largest jute-growing region. It is the industrial, commercial, and administrative center of Bangladesh, with trade in jute, rice, oilseeds, sugar, and tea. The city comprises three distinct sections: an old area of narrow streets and bazaars; a modern part, called Ramna, with government, tourist, and cultural facilities; and a residential and industrial community N and W of Ramna. Between Dhaka and its nearby river port of Narayanganj lies Bangladesh's greatest industrial concentration. The surrounding district is a very densely populated and fertile agricultural region that is subject to heavy monsoon floods. Dhaka's manufactures include textiles, cotton saris, jute products, rope, string, baskets, and boats. Dhaka is famous for its cottage industries (especially confectioneries) and handicrafts (particularly filigree work, embroidery, and shell carving). In the late 19th cent., competition from British cloth virtually ended the manufacture of Dhaka's world-renowned muslins.

Dhaka's history dates back to c.A.D. 1000, but the city achieved glory as the 17th-century MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
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 capital of Bengal. English, French, and Dutch industrialists set up factories there in the 17th and 18th cent., and Dhaka passed under British rule in 1765. It became the capital of East Pakistan in 1947. The city was surrendered by the Pakistani army to Indian troops in Dec., 1971, and a few days later became capital of the provisional government of Bangladesh. Landmarks include the Dhakeshwari ["hidden goddess"] temple, from which the city's name probably derives; the Bara Katra palace (1644); the Lal Bagh fort (1678); several beautiful mosques; and the monumental National Assembly complex (1983) designed by Louis KahnKahn, Louis Isadore
, 1901–74, American architect, b. Estonia. He and his family moved to Philadelphia in 1905, and he later studied at the Univ. of Pennsylvania. From the 1920s through World War II, Kahn worked on numerous housing projects including Carver Court (1944),
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. The Univ. of Dhaka (founded 1921) and other higher educational facilities and agriculture research institutes are also in the city.

Dhaka

, Dacca
the capital of Bangladesh, in the E central part: capital of Bengal (1608--39; 1660--1704) and of East Pakistan (1949--71); jute and cotton mills; university (1921). Pop.: 12 560 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
According to a public notice published by the Bangladesh Department of Environment in December 2017, 58 per cent of the particulate pollutants responsible for smog in the air of Dhaka city comes from the orthodox brick kilns around and inside Dhaka, 18 per cent from road dust and soil dust, 10 per cent from vehicles, 8 per cent from burning of biomass and 6 per cent from other sources.
Considering the size, profitability and volume of trade at Dhaka, which is way above the PSX, we got a fair valuation,' he tells this writer.
The Daily Star quoted Dhaka Metropolitan Police (DMP) Commissioner Asaduzzaman Mia as saying that BNP Standing Committee Member Gayeshwar Chandra Roy was arrested from in front of Police Plaza, while BNP's Assistant Organising Secretary Aninda Islam Amit was picked up from his Shantinagar house.
Jover remarked that the Dhaka honor was 'a testament to Allen's commitment to his craft and serves as another validation for our humble film.
There's more to Bangladesh than this," Farah Maliha, a Dhaka resident, told Al Bawaba.
Police swooped on the cell on Thursday on the outskirts of Dhaka and said the suspects, including four would-be bombers and a bomb-maker, were sent to the capital to bolster the attack capability of the group Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB).
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On Tuesday, the airline had announced that the frequency of Oman Air flights to Dhaka from Muscat will be increased from December 1.
The bus services -- Kolkata-Dhaka-Agartala and Dhaka-Shillong-Guwahati -- will link West Bengal to three North Eastern states of India via Bangaldeshi capital Dhaka.
Transport operators said they stopped operating buses and ferries to and from Dhaka due to "security concerns" in line with advises of the law enforcement agencies while pro-government transport associations called a two-day strike to protest vandalism during the past several weeks of opposition protests.
Furthermore, distinct epidemiologic origins characterize these viruses; the A/chicken/Bangladesh/12VIR-7140-7/2012 virus was identified in a chicken farm located in Sirajganj district in January 2012, whereas the A/chicken/ Bangladesh/12VIR-7140-16/2012 strain was detected 2 months later (March 2012) from organs collected in Kaptan Bazar in Dhaka (Table), which is 126 km from Sirajganj district.
Stewart Adams, managing director, said, 'Dhaka is our first destination in Bangladesh, and the introduction of this service provides great opportunities to increase both business and consumer travel between Dhaka and Singapore.