Diane de Poitiers


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Related to Diane de Poitiers: Catherine de Medici
Diane de Poitiers
Birthday
BirthplaceChâteau de Saint-Vallier, Saint-Vallier, Drôme
Died

Diane de Poitiers

(dyän də pwätyā`), 1499–1566, duchess of Valentinois, mistress of King Henry II of France. Noted for her beauty, Diane, who was much older than Henry, retained her influence over him until his death (1559). She maintained friendly relations with the queen, Catherine de' Medici, while completely eclipsing her. In the rivalry for Henry's favor between Anne, duc de MontmorencyMontmorency, Anne, duc de
, 1493?–1567, constable of France. He was made a marshal (1522) by Francis I, was captured with Francis at Pavia (1525), helped negotiate (1526) Francis's release, and soon after the king's return received the governorship of Languedoc, which
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, and the GuiseGuise
, influential ducal family of France. The First Duke of Guise

The family was founded as a cadet branch of the ruling house of Lorraine by Claude de Lorraine, 1st duc de Guise, 1496–1550, who received the French fiefs of his father, René II, duke
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 family, she took sides against whichever party was more powerful at the moment. She supported the king's anti-Protestant policy. After Henry's death, she was forced to retire from the court.

Bibliography

See H. W. Henderson, The Enchantress (1928).


Poitiers, Diane de:

see Diane de PoitiersDiane de Poitiers
, 1499–1566, duchess of Valentinois, mistress of King Henry II of France. Noted for her beauty, Diane, who was much older than Henry, retained her influence over him until his death (1559).
..... Click the link for more information.
.
References in periodicals archive ?
Catherine took command, kept watch by her husband's bedside and refused to allow Diane de Poitiers into the room.
This same idea is evoked again when Madame de Chartres recounts to her daughter the history of the King's relationship to Diane de Poitiers.
Organizationally, the chapters follow a logical schema from myth diffusion in classical to late antiquity, especially the many Roman sarcophagi--see Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae 3:1-2, 554-59 (1986)--the psychomachia for a man of the Renaissance; the developing lunar imagery of later myth, including appropriations by Diane de Poitiers and Diane Salviati; Renaissance allegories from philosophy (Giordano Bruno) to science (Francis Bacon) and literature (Lyly, Drayton, Marino, Delminio, and so on).
The book covers Catherine's childhood in Florence, her marriage in 1533 no Henry Duke of Orleans, later Henry II, and his initial indifference to her in favour of his mistress Diane de Poitiers.
Louise, Margaret of Austria (aunt of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and regent of the Netherlands), and, some years later, Diane de Poitiers each spent formative years in her court.